Skip to main content


Ready school is an essential component of children’s school readiness. Children have to be supported by early schooling across various developmental domains, such as: physical, social-emotional, cognitive, and language-literacy, to achieve success in later academic life. At school, children must be in a safe and developmentally appropriate environment. This allows them to be successful in exploring and learning about their world. Children benefit from enriching, responsive learning experiences [1]. Providing an appropriate literacy and numeracy environment is at the core of school’s readiness because early literacy and numeracy skills are two important components of early school success.

This issue has been further explored, in this report, in the context of Bangladesh, through a classroom observation conducted in a pre-school classroom of Nobodhara School, which is a for-profit school run by BRAC University – Institute of Educational Development.

Observation Time and Setting

On  that  particular  day  of  observation,  in  the  vibrant  kindergarten  classroom  of Nobodhara school, there were 24 students present out of 30. The observation started from 8:30am and continued up to 10:45am. Although most of the students were present in the class by 8:30am, few were late and the last student arrived at 9:00am.

Physical Environment of the Classroom

The classroom was a rectangular room with two big windows and one glass door leading to a balcony allowing plenty of light and air in the class. The entire floor was covered with a carpet and had furniture for sitting, a computer on a computer table and a table right next to the board for use by the teacher. There was a board in one wall facing the direction where children were sitting. A class routine was written on the board with a marker along with the total number of children, number of children present and the date. The classroom also had lights and fans and a shelf in one corner for keeping books and materials. The detail observation of the physical environment of the class has been organized in the following sections.

Sitting arrangement: There were five round wooden tables and about thirty chairs available for the children. 5/6 children occupied one table. The tables and chairs were age appropriate. These furniture took most of the spaces in the classroom leaving little room for other activities or materials.

Play area: There was a small space in front of the board for activities or play inside the classroom. The space was very tight for having all children involved in any large group activities.

Corners: There were three corners that could have been identified during the observation. There were a book corner consisting four story books, a corner for personal belongings on two opposite walls beside the sitting areas and a corner shelf for blocks, play materials and exercise books.

Materials: There were different types of age appropriate materials available in the classroom. There were charts on the walls including charts on numbers with pictures, vegetables, alphabets, wild animals, vehicles, community helpers, healthy eating charts and cheer charts to encourage well behavior, discipline and healthy eating habit in children. However, the use of these charts could not be observed during the observation period and the charts were not hung at the eye level of the children. There were four story books available for the entire class in the book corner. There were also flash cards on words and pictures, pencils, colors, papers, chart papers, exercise books, coloring books and blocks available in the corner shelf.

Classroom Activities

The teacher started the day with some warm up activity with rhymes for about 15 minutes to engage children. Then she started a literacy activity which was more sort of a “social emotional literacy” at 9am. At first she put a picture of “happy face” on the board. Then she tried to get attention of the children by moving from table to table and asking children “are you happy? Look at the board. Are you happy?” It was an English version/medium class and the teacher was asking this question in English. However, the teacher also used Bangla very often. Few children responded to the question, but most of them were busy in settling down after the rhymes. Then she gave the children paper and color pencil to draw happy faces. After about 6 minutes she started collecting the papers. Very few, about 2/3 children could finish their drawing. But most of them could not finish their work. They started demanding their paper back so that they can finish their drawing. One particular child did not work on it at all. However, the teacher did not seem to notice it.

Immediately after collecting the sheets, the teacher took a basket and ask children, “What is it?” the children replied, “Basket”. Then she put a ball inside the basket, and started asking the children regarding the position of the ball. She asked, “Is the ball inside or outside?” Initially the children did not respond immediately. Then the teacher herself gave the answer, “the ball is inside the basket.” The teacher then took the ball out of the basket and asked children the same question. Some of the children replied it is outside the basket. After that she drew a picture of basket and ball on the board and the same questions again to children. Some children were answering enthusiastically, but some were talking among themselves and not listening. Then she initiated an interactive activity to engage the children to understand these two concepts. She brought few children at the front and made a circle with them. Then she put one child in the middle of the circle and asked, “Is he inside or outside?” The children in the circle replied “Inside”. Then she put another one outside the circle and asked the same question and the children replied accordingly. This session ended at around 9:40am and the children went for tiffin break.

During the break the children were put in line first to be taken to the washroom to wash their hands. It took about 10 minutes to organize them for this activity since the children. After coming back from the washroom, the children settled in their seat and started eating their tiffin gradually. One child did not eat her tiffin and started eating from one of her friend’s. The friend started crying and calling the teacher. The teacher found out that the kid did not take out her tiffin box from her bag. The teacher went to find the child’s bag and with the help of another kid in the class she found out the bog and gave the tiffin box to the kid whom it belonged to when it was not even 5 minutes left to the tiffin break to end.

After the break it was time for the physical education according to the routine. But the physical education teacher was delayed due to some personal problem. Therefore, to utilize this time, the teacher started “story telling” in that period. She requested the children to choose one story book from the book corner which they want to listen. The children seemed very interested to listen to the story and they picked one of the story books that they wanted to listen to. All the children came to the front close to the teacher to listen to the story. The teacher started the story by showing the picture in the cover page. She also asked questions to the children as she told the story. The children replied and asked questions in return. Although most of the children were listening to the story, a couple of them were talking among themselves. Initially the teacher tried to engage them by asking questions, but later when they were not listening she just let them do whatever they want on their own. Eventually the teacher introduced “participatory story telling” by engaging the kids to tell what happens next. Some of the children came forward and told the next part of the story.

At the end of this session the physical education teacher came in. He called the kids at the front and started asking questions regarding school behavior and discipline. Later, he engaged children in physical exercises. As the children were doing the exercises one by one and giggling away, at around 10:45am, my observation period ended.

Limitation of the Observation

Although it was a comprehensive day long observation. There were a number of limitations which are worth mentioning before going further into the analysis. The limitations were:

• It was the beginning of the session and the class started only two weeks ago. Therefore, only a few literacy and numeracy activities were started. The arrangement of materials and classroom environment were also not fully in place during that time.

• The teacher of that particular class was new. She had been recruited in this session. She only received a short orientation; the full training was yet to be received. Therefore, the classroom management has been analyzed considering the lack of experience of the teacher.

• The class did not have an assistant teacher during the observation period which further reflected in the classroom management situation in that particular class.

Analysis of Observation Data Using the School Readiness Lens

The observation data has been analyzed in terms of two important aspects of the school’s readiness: i) Children-teacher interaction, ii) Literacy and numeracy environment/activities.

i) Children-teacher interaction: The interaction between children and teacher has been observed and analyzed considering the following aspects:

Overall classroom management: The teacher was struggling in managing 24 kids all alone without any assistance from an assistant teacher. She could not pay attention to all the kids when they were engaged in drawing the “happy face”. Some children were enthusiastically doing the work, but some were not interested at all and talking among themselves, when a couple of them actually did not attempt to do anything. Overall, the classroom was noisy all along. There was a particular group of children sitting in one table which I have named as the “enthusiastic group” because they were the hyper kids and was making most of the noises. The teacher attempted but could not manage that group efficiently. She also did not attempt to redistribute their sitting arrangement and putting them in different tables. However, during the story time most of the children were engaged and participating. The teacher introduced the ‘participatory story telling’ technique which worked effectively to manage most of the children to be engaged in the activity.

• Dealing with the hyper children: In terms of dealing with the hyper children, particularly the most hyper one from the “enthusiastic group”, the teacher called her as the "leader‟ and gave her the task to make others quiet. However, there was no clear direction of how she was going to do this and there was no follow up on her task. As a result, after a few minutes the child was getting hyper again and disturbing other kids. The used to come again and tried to calm her down by calling her the “leader”.

Use of positive phrases: The teacher was very efficient in saying “very good”, “good job”, “beautiful work” and such praising phrases when some of the children were showing their work or being disciplined. The children seemed to be involved with the teacher and enthusiastically showing their work to her and also calling her when they were facing any problem.

Interaction during the snack time: During the snack time the children were putting their tiffin boxes with the help of the teacher. However, the teacher could not pay attention to all children and support them in getting prepared for the snack. As described in the observation note from classroom activity, one child did not put her tiffin out of her bag and started eating from her another kid’s tiffin which triggered a noisy situation when the other kid started complaining. The teacher also did not use the healthy eating chart during the tiffin break.

ii) Literacy and numeracy environment/activities: The literacy activities and environment has been analyzed in terms of the components of literacy that have been covered during the observation period. In the beginning of the class, the children were involved in literacy activities which were more sort of “social-emotional literacy” where the children were encouraged to recognize and label “happy face”. Emphasis on the knowledge of print was understood from the charts hung on the walls on alphabets, animals, community works etc. However, there was not any evidence of labeling the furniture or objects in the classroom, there was no calendar and no evidence on the use of the charts or other materials relevant to print knowledge. There were a few activities observed on vocabulary and language through rhymes and story-telling. During the read aloud of the story, the teacher showed the children the cover page, let children turn the page, talked about pictures, asked relevant open ended questions and finally introduced participatory story-telling, which was an effective literacy activity. Although it was an English version school, the teacher did not have effective English communication skill, and therefore, she was using Bangla most of the time.

In the observed class, the numeracy activities covered the understanding of spatial sense. The activities indicated the development of understanding of the concepts “inside” and “outside” in terms of developing the understanding of space. The use of basket and balls, and the use of making a circle and putting one inside and one outside the circle, are effective activities provided that the classroom is managed and children are engaged efficiently. There were number charts found on the wall and some flash cards and shapes available in the corner shelf.


The key recommendations in terms of the school’s readiness are as follows:

• Taking into consideration that the teacher is yet to receive the full training, my recommendation will focus on developing the teachers English communication skill.

• The teacher has to be trained to manage the hyper children efficiently, at the same time has to be trained to observe and support individual needs of children and on inclusiveness.

• An immediate recruitment of an assistant teacher since it is very challenging for one teacher to manage about 30 children.

• Reduce the number of children in each class for effective learning environment.

• There should be more play or open space for whole group activities and for music, drama and movement.

• There were only four story books available for the entire class. The number and variety of story books and reading materials have to be increased significantly.

• The furniture (chair, table, computer door, window etc.) could be labeled involving the children.

• The corners were not well defined and there were no materials found for dramatic play.

• The class routine was only written on the board with a black marker. The routine could have been well-structures, colorful and hung up on the wall so that the children could have identified their next activities and prepared accordingly with the support from the teacher.

• There was no clear indication of transition between the literacy and numeracy sessions. The teacher abruptly moved from one content area to another which made the children confused. There could be some warm up involving music/dance/song or relevant activities before transition to a separate content area.

• According to research findings, “rich language environments may support the development of early literacy and numeracy skills” [2]. The use of appropriate language, conversation and communication for developing literacy and numeracy skills is strongly suggested for this particular class.


The observation of Nobodhara pre-school has given a picture of the readiness of school in terms of literacy and numeracy environment and children-teacher interaction at the beginning of a school session which would contribute to the readiness of the child to cope and learn in the school environment. The concept of “Ready Schools” means that schools need to be ready to work with the diverse population of children that come to their doors with varying backgrounds and experiences [3]. School’s readiness must be seen as a two-way street. While children need to get ready for success in school, schools need to increase their skills in supporting all children to be successful [4]. In this regard, Nobodhara had a welcoming environment for all children irrespective of culture, ethnicity and abilities. It provided a vibrant literacy and numeracy environment and put its effort in making the classroom a joyful learning place for the children. However, there are still areas of improvement identified through the observation which has been reflected in the recommendation section. The school may take those suggestions into consideration for ensuring an age appropriate literacy and numeracy rich, at the same time joyful learning environment for all children.

[1] Bruner, C. (2011). A project of the Early Childhood Funders' Collaborative supporting state efforts to prepare our children for success. Retrieved from Build Initiative: Four Ovals.pdf

[2] Robin Hojnoski (2014). What do the connections between early literacy and numeracy mean in preschool? Retrieved from

[3] Early Childhood Colorado. (2008, July ). Early Childhood Colorado Framework. Retrieved from Early Childhood Colorado - Information Clearinghouse:

[4] Buell, M et al. (2012). Kindergarten Readiness: An Overview of Components. Delaware Early Childhood Council. Issue Brief. Volume 1. Delaware: Delaware Early Childhood Council.

RAFIATH RASHID: Senior Manager, Education Programmes, BRAC International, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Saturday, 19 September 2015 00:00

Sustainable Development Goals: Justice


We work to ensure stronger accountability of local governments especially towards the poor, while challenging the idea that civil society has inherent limits.


Till 2014,

3.9 million women graduated from our human rights and legal education classes.
Legal aid clinics received 231,464 legal complaints.


Here is a story we would like to share about Justice



"My name is Afroza Akhter. I am from Gaibandha, a rural district in northern Bangladesh. My late husband had left behind a piece of land that he purchased about four years ago. After his death the three owners took possession of the land illegally.

My two sons and I could not afford to file a lawsuit against them. A teacher at a nearby school came to know about my crisis, and told me about an initiative that provides free legal assistance on land-related issues. Upon her suggestion, I visited BRAC’s legal aid clinic and learned about the property rights initiative. I did not know something like this existed. I immediately filed a complaint. BRAC representatives issued a request to the owners asking them to visit the legal aid clinic to resolve the matter. When they did not respond, BRAC’s panel lawyer on my request, filed a case.

Despite the court ruling the case in my favour, I could not take possession of the land. The  owners resorted to using their political connections and threatened us. Our lawyer filed another suit asking for execution of the court order. Finally, the police, along with government authorities, intervened and recovered the land from them.

I now farm on this land and am able to make a living. Sometimes I cannot help but feel anxious, but then I remind myself that along with legal support, I also have support from my community. And I feel more assured."



Thursday, 17 September 2015 00:00

Sustainable Development Goals: Prosperity


BRAC is about persistence, optimism, enterprise and values- the very things that can bring lasting impact for the world’s poorest.


We have distrubuted 22 million metric tons of high yield seeds to the farmers till 2014.
4.8 million people got access to microfinace loan in 2014.

Here are two stories we would like to share about Prosperity


Daw Khin Aye Mu

“When the programme organiser from BRAC asked us about how we can improve the lives of the people of our locality, it made us think in a way we have never done before.”

Daw Khin Aye Mu lives with her three daughters and a son in Bago, Myanmar. She has a home-based bakery business. Assisted by her oldest daughter, she bakes cakes and bread. She would earn about USD 4 (Kyats 4,000) per day. She struggled raising her children. “Before BRAC started its work in my community, there were no other microfinance providers. I heard about BRAC’s microfinance programme from a neighbour.” Daw Khin joined the microfinance group in her area following several discussions with the programme organiser. She began to attend the village organisation meetings.

Daw Khin took her first loan of USD 250 (Kyats 250,000) in 2014. She bought ingredients and other material for her bakery. “I never had an idea about savings. When the programme organiser explained the importance of savings, I knew I had to be better prepared for my family’s future. The income from my bakery business now helps me live a better life.”

Daw Khin is the president of her village organisation, the association of women BRAC forms to mobilise communities in various ways. She says, “It is an important responsibility and I work hard to maintain discipline. I feel proud about my work.”



Reshma Khatun


Reshma Khatun lives in Bagerhat in southern Bangladesh. Her husband, a poor farmer could only earn enough for them to get by. Their only valuable possession was a small gher (pond-like structure used for fish cultivation) where they farmed shrimp.

Reshma Khatun was selected for training from BRAC’s agriculture and food security programme. Upon receiving technical and financial support, she joined her husband in farming more varieties of fish. “I began farming different types of local carp. I used the first grant for land preparation, stocking young fish, fertiliser and fish feed.”

The couple’s earning rose when they began to sell the cultivated fish in bulk at the village market. Also trained on advanced farming techniques, Reshma and her husband took the next leap- farming rice, vegetables and sunflower. In Reshma’s words, “This allowed me to earn more money as I was using the space I had more efficiently. My relatives and neighbours say they are inspired by my success. With the training I received from BRAC, I was able to take control and secure a better life for my family.”



Tuesday, 15 September 2015 00:00

Sustainable development goals: Dignity


Making a real contribution in halving the population living below poverty line in Bangladesh.


From 2002 to 2014,

We trained 1.6 miilion ultra-poor women in enterprise development
523,425 women received productive assets as grant

Here is a story we would like to share about Dignity


Neela Rani was forced to marry as a child and her dream to continue education was forever gone. In 2006, after enrolling in BRAC's targeting ultra poor programme (TUP), Neela received training and land on lease so she could start her own nursery business. She went on to become a community health worker for BRAC. In 2011, people in her village urged her to run for the union council election at her hometown, and Neela won! She was appointed as the vice chairman. About her plans for the coming days, Neela says, “My son has finished his secondary school and I dream to give him the educational opportunities I was once denied. I will continue to work for my village and hope to be elected as the union council chairman!”

BRAC's TUP programme is an innovation that was created to graduate people who live for less than USD 0.60 a day.


Monday, 14 September 2015 00:00

Sustainable development goals: People


Listening to the voices of the grassroots, we reach out to socially and geographically excluded communities through holistic approach.


We have 111,272 community health workers in position
Ante-natal care provided to 1.2 million mother in 2014
1.5 million adolescent girls received counselling on nutrition in 2014
13,802 ward level institutions in position to empower women in the community
332,000 adolescent girls learning about social and health issues at BRAC ADP Clubs


Here is a story we would like to share about People


"My name is Shanti Debi Chakma. I live with my husband and son in a remote sub-district of Rangamati. Last year, my son Sujan suddenly developed a fever. We took him to a peripheral laboratory of BRAC located a few kilometres away.  He was diagnosed with malaria. He was weak but since his condition was stable, he was released with anti-malarial medication. It was during monsoon when the only mode of transport in the region is a boat.

Soon after reaching home, my son fell unconscious. We rushed him to a government-owned health complex where we found out it was a severe case of malaria. We were advised to take him to the Rangamati district hospital immediately. It was late at night with heavy rains and no transport available except for UNDP’s water ambulance, which we could not afford. Upon learning about the crisis, BRAC’s field officer knew he had to act immediately. He called his colleague, the district manager, who then made all necessary arrangements to get Sujon admitted to the hospital in Rangamati as soon as we arrived. He also informed the only civil surgeon available and arranged for funds. We travelled in the water ambulance to Rangamati where BRAC’s district manager was waiting by the river bank with an ambulance. The treatment started immediately and after four days, Sujan was back on his feet.

Without that timely help, I don’t know what my husband and I would have done. My son’s life was saved because of the sincere actions of BRAC’s staff."


Sunday, 13 September 2015 18:00

Taking bitter pills to cure the disease

The role of research and evaluation in development of an organisation is hardly debated. Unfortunately, however, the empirics on this count are very rare.  Recently, this writer came across a document that highlights the role of research in an organisation, and assumes that history could serve as a lesson for others too.

Journal of Development Effectiveness (Routledge, 2014) draws our attention to an important but very unconventional topic such as the role of research and evaluation in fulfilling the objectives of an organisation - be it government, NGO or private. Written by Ahmed Mushtaque Raza Chowdhury, Andrew Jenkins and Marziana Mahfuz Nandita, the contents of the paper hover around an institution's commitment to transparency and accountability that is induced by internal mechanism of checks and cross-checks. While thread-baring on the issue, the authors take up the world's renowned NGO BRAC as a case study. They were possibly propelled by the notion that among national and international NGOs, only BRAC has a large fleet of researchers to support its development programmes. It also seems to drive home a point - saving lives of the teeming millions through development projects is not merely a function of the financial resources at hand; it is also of the use of human resources devoted to research and evaluation  in both pre- and post-project stages. Measurement matters in the sphere of development interventions, and imperfections in measurement could be counter-productive. There are many reputed organisations in the world which apparently neglected research and monitoring in the project life-cycle and thus were doomed to see the door.

  The beauty of BRAC lies in its four key measures of the programme covering as many as 12 or more major development areas. The programme areas include health, nutrition and population, microfinance, education, agriculture and food security, targeting the ultra-poor, water, sanitation and hygiene, social development, community empowerment, human rights, gender justice and diversity, disaster, environment and climate etc. In addition to these, social enterprises appear separately but are also being fed through constant research and monitoring.

BRAC International is another window to serve beyond the boundary of Bangladesh - in as many as 12 countries. By and large, all of these development programmes that BRAC adopt have to pass through a series of tests to get a final nod from top notches and once approved, have to face few rounds of checks and balances.

The first move towards transparency and integrity in BRAC is through monitoring and investigation carried out by a monitoring unit as part of BRAC's internal control mechanism. The unit's objective is to conduct periodic analysis, enabling the management to determine whether the key activities are being carried out as planned and whether they are having the expected outputs in relation to the target population. The second key element is financial control and monitoring, carried out by two independent departments, finance and accounts, and internal audit (in addition, BRAC is independently audited annually). The third key element is external project reviews, which is carried out by specially-recruited teams of national and international consultants, usually for mid-term and final project reviews, but sometimes also for annual reviews. A fourth key element is research and evaluation, about which we shall dwell at length in the following paragraphs.

The Research and Evaluation Division (RED) is an independent research division within the organization of BRAC. Research is integral to the NGO's development activity and has been so since inception. The founder of BRAC, Sir Fazle Hasan Abed, is reported to reckon that constant research and evaluation is instrumental in designing BRAC's pioneering interventions. It is thus no wonder that RED came into being in 1975 - almost the same time BRAC was born (1972). Over time, the division has been playing an important role in designing BRAC's development interventions, monitoring progress, documenting achievements and undertaking impact assessment studies.

According to the authors, RED has produced nearly 1,353 research reports, 350 journal articles, 274 book and book chapters, 19 theses, 55 research monographs, 111 working papers, 24 volume of Nirjash - a research compendium in the Bangla language, 174 popular articles in newsletters and newspapers. As a multidisciplinary team, its reputation has spilled over the boundary of Bangladesh, and eminent organisations of the world have developed collaborative research with RED.  "It provides an analytical basis for BRAC's programmatic decisions, fine-tuning it for better performance and making development efforts evidence-based, effective and community-sensitive". Further, RED conducts programme-driven research in agriculture, applied and reproductive health, communicable and non-communicable diseases, education, environment, extreme poverty, food security and nutrition, microfinance and social development and human rights etc. The division also caters to issues of national and international importance independently and in collaboration with reputed academic institutions and agencies. The current Vice-Chairperson, current Executive Director, the former Executive Director as well as a number of the board members of the organisation are well-known researchers in their own fields. This has provided an added impetus for RED to take the job seriously.

The prime goal of BRAC is to alleviate poverty and reduce inequality. In a broader spectrum, its goal is to ensure 'development' through the programmes it undertakes. As a unit of BRAC, the goal of RED is also to alleviate poverty through a different process. RED shows the most cost-effective mode to reach the goal in a regime of scarcity of resources. It is in fact an idea that states that however small or big every NGO or development organisation, it needs to have its own research capacity.

The process followed at BRAC is to have a portion of the budget of any project allocated for research i.e., roughly 1-2 per cent of the programme budget must be stipulated for carrying out research and evaluation in pre- and post-project phases. BRAC wants to convince other NGOs and institutions that it is important that they have something in house to measure the impact of their works.

The results of research and evaluations anywhere are very easy to appreciate but very difficult to swallow. They are like taking bitter pills to cure the disease. The choice is between rejecting bitter pills and continue with conundrum and vice versa. The mindset of the person at the top of office matters most. As head of the institution, one has to accept criticisms, suggestions and even be ready to abandon the idea if research and evaluation stand otherwise. BRAC's top notches and programme heads seem to believe in swallowing bitter pills to get rid of the pains - as reflected by their emphasis on research and evaluation. One stitch in time saves nine - research and evaluation are just that.

The writer is a Professor of Economics at Jahangirnagar University.

Sunday, 13 September 2015 00:00

Flood situation in Bangladesh

Written by

12 September 2015


Diarrhoea continues to take its toll on people

Diarrhoea was detected on Thursday (10 September) in Thanapara and Khanka Sharif area but soon it spread quickly in Paschimpara, College Road, Palashpara, Masterpara and Banierjan areas of the town. Today (till 8:30pm) 85 new patient were admitted (19 women, 60 men and 6 under-five children) to the hospital. BRAC built an extension of temporary shed to accommodate 20 more patients in addition to the one it had initially established. Number of BRAC staff including a doctor from Rangpur team is helping in the government initiatives. BRAC has donated 500 bags of IV fluid to Civil Surgeon of Gaibandha. The test report of diarrhoea is yet to be made public.

On BRAC's request, UNICEF's water, sanitation and hygiene team has also responded with tube-wells and water sealed latrines.

Emergency response continues in the remote chars of Jamuna/ Brahmaputra
BRAC continues its emergency response to the chars with the help of district administration and local NGOs like Gana Unnayan Kendra (GUK). Today 110 tarpaulins (with 110 ropes) and 110 solar torches were distributed in the most hard-to-reach areas of Gidari and Uria unions of Fulchori sub-districts of Gaibandha. Chairmen of respective union councils were also present during the distribution process. All the 110 families were living in the open after they lost their houses in river bank erosion.

BRAC also completed distribution of cash support (BDT 500 each) among 100 flood-affected families in Roumari of Kurigram.

Planning for child friendly space
UNICEF has expressed their willingness to help BRAC with toys and materials in setting up child friendly spaces to ensure the protection of the flood affected children from possible drop out/trafficking/child labour and early marriage. BRAC is exploring the possibilities of opening more child friendly spaces with experienced partners in Gidari, Uria and Gotherhat of Fulchori and Gaibandha.

Distribution of fast growing vegetable seeds
BRAC will distribute fast growing vegetable seeds in the areas where water is receding and people are going back to their regular lives. Each of the families will get six sachets of different certified seeds of fast growing vegetables among 20,000 families.



11 September 2015


Emergency response continues as waterborne diseases spread among the people


  • BRAC's local emergency response team at Gaibandha distributed 100 bags of food, each consisting of 5kg of rice, 3kg of flattened rice (chira), 3kg of potato, 1kg of sugar, 1kg of salt, 1litre soya bean oil and four packets of oral saline among 100 families who had taken shelter on a dyke at Gotherhat of Kholahati union at Sadar sub-district. The deputy commissioner, district relief and rehabilitation officer (DRRO) and UNO (Sadar sub-district) were present in the distribution programme which was completed on 10 September. Affected families were given a token in the afternoon and they collected their bags from BRAC local office.
  • Diarrhoea situation in Gaibandha Sadar continued to deteriorate. BRAC has already arranged additional makeshift sheds in hospital premise by providing 10 tarpaulins and 500 bags of intravenous (IV) fluid. BRAC's medical person will join the Gaibandha team soon.
  • BRAC's team with the help of GUK, a local NGO, will distribute 110 tarpaulins and 110 solar torches at Uriar char and Gibari on 12 September.
  • Lalmonirhat
  • BRAC provided a total of BDT 115,000 as cash support among 320 (40 in Sadar, 110 in Hatibandha and 170 in Aditmari sub-districts) flood-affected families in Lalmonirhat district.

A total of BDT 144,000 cash support has been provided in Kurigram district among 258 (70 in Ulipur, 70 in Sadar, 40 in Chilmari and 88 in Rajibpur sub-district) flood-affected families. Cash support to 112 more affected families (12 in Rajibpur and 100 in Roumari sub-district) is yet to be distributed.

BRAC's team in Sirajganj has completed emergency response work with the help of MMS, a local NGO, at Ghurjan and Umorpur unions of Chauhali sub-district. Emergency response team has distributed 200 tarpaulins (with 200 rope), 200 solar torches and a total of BDT 200,000 among 250 flood-affected families. Additional district magistrate (ADM) of Sirajganj accompanied the emergency response team in their work.



10 September 2015


Waterborne diseases hit the flood-affected areas

Water level of the major river systems: Brahmaputra-Jamuna, Ganges- Padma and Surma-Kushiyara have started falling, which is likely to continue in the next 72 hours. Water-borne diseases like diarrhoea has been detected in Gaibandha. More and more schools are being flooded with the breach of the embankment.

BRAC's response update

300 most affected families received cash grant of BDT 500 today with 100 families each from Chillmari, Roumari and Rajibpur sub-districts. With today's contribution, a total of 440 families in Kurigram have received support from BRAC.

BRAC field offices distributed cash support of BDT 1,000 to another 200 most vulnerable families in Hatibandha and Aditmari sub-districts. Respective upazilla nirbahi officers (UNO) were involved in the process. With today's contribution, 240 most vulnerable families of three sib-districts have (Sadar, Hatibandha and Aditmari) received support in Lalmonirhat.

Sirajganj BRAC staff called an urgent meeting with MMS, a local NGO, and took the following decisions regarding aid distribution to flood affected areas:

  • BRAC will provide 200 tarpaulins, 200 solar torches (now on the way to Sirajganj from Tongi warehouse). A cash support of BDT 1,000 each to 200 flood-affected families will be distributed in villages of Ghorjan and Kumorpur union of Chauhali sub-districts
  • MMS will assist BRAC with their boats and in the selection of flood affected people
  • Distribution will be completed by 11 September

BRAC's Gaibandha team has decided to provide 225 tarpaulins and 100 solar torches among the water-stranded people of chars and Gaibandha Sadar after reviewing the need and the latest flood situation. BRAC team of Gaibandha with the assistance of Gana Unnayan Kendra (GUK), a local NGO, will distribute 110 tarpaulins and 100 solar lights to the affected chars soon. Gaibandha team is also exploring the possibilities of setting up a few child friendly spaces in the area. The team may also go for dry food distribution where access to market and cooking facilities are limited.


Thursday, 10 September 2015 00:00

Finding the freedom through arguments


Bitarka Bikash debate competition

On September 12, 2015 Saturday  at 11.00 am, A national debate competition is going to be held  in Bangla Academy  Auditorium, Dhaka. Bitarka Bikash Grand Final, Debate competition is organised by BRAC, ATN Bangla and Debate for Democracy. ATN Bangla will telecast it live.

The main objective of this programme is to provide the students of rural secondary schools an opportunity to progress their presentation skill, communication skill and speaking ability as well as improve their logical thinking and self confidence.

BRAC started its involvement in the field of secondary education in 2001 by PACE (Post Primary basic and Continuing Education component of BRAC education programme) as a supplement to the government‘s effort in order to meet the target plan for the secondary school students. At first, initiative was taken for training the subject-based (Math, Science, and English) teachers. Later, it was observed that some major barriers, i.e., only training for the teachers is not sufficient to ensure an effective learning environment and students’ attendance, participation in classroom and internal examinations were not satisfactory. Students felt shy to ask questions in classroom and consult teachers for their problems and students had limited scope in school to engage themselves in co-curricular activities and in the classroom.

To address all these problems and to create a healthier learning environment in rural secondary schools, BRAC introduced Students’ Peer Mentoring Programme in 2006. Peer Mentoring programme aims to create and develop the quality of self-esteem, perceptiveness, self-discipline, attentiveness,  partnering, sharing, leadership, imagination,  and creativity among the students with a view to bring positive changes in the society.  In this programme, some academically advanced and enthusiastic students are provided with proper advice, support and training to become Mentors. One of the core objectives of Peer Mentoring is to promote co-curricular activities among the students. In light of this objective, Students’ Mentoring has been arranging debate competition for Secondary Schools students and teachers since 2006.




Tuesday, 08 September 2015 00:00

Executive Management

Written by

Asif Saleh

Asif Saleh
Executive Director
BRAC Bangladesh

Asif Saleh is the executive director of BRAC Bangladesh. He brings with him a diverse multi-sectoral experience in senior leadership roles in private, public, and non-government sectors, with a proven track record of effectively managing interfaces of development programming, operational and financial sustainability, and building effective partnerships, both within and outside BRAC.

Prior to joining BRAC, Mr Saleh worked as a policy specialist for the Access to Information (A2i) Programme at the Prime Minister’s Office in Bangladesh. As part of the Government’s Digital Bangladesh initiative, he led the policy effort to expand affordable broadband connectivity across Bangladesh and devised the Government's m-governance strategy. He spent 12 years in Goldman Sachs in different fin-tech roles in New York and London ending his term there as an Executive Director. He has also worked in Glaxo Wellcome, IBM and Nortel.

Mr. Saleh is a non-resident fellow at the Center for Global Development in Washington, D.C. He is also an active member in a range of international networks and alliances advocating inclusive achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. He is a member of the Millions Learning International Advisory Group, Brookings Institute, a member of the advisory group of South Africa-based Innovation Edge, an institution promoting early childhood development. He is a member of the global board for Generation Unlimited, a global body of UNICEF promoting youth skills, and also a member of the global governing council of Water Resource Group 2030.

Mr Saleh chairs BRAC IT Services Limited, co-chairs BRAC Net, and is on the Board of BRAC Bank, bKash, and edotco Bangladesh Ltd. He also chairs the Institute of Informatics and Development.

He was recognised for his work by Asia Society’s Asia 21 programme in 2008, the Bangladeshi American Foundation in 2007, and was selected as an Asia 21 Fellow in 2012. He was selected as a Young Global Leader by the World Economic Forum in 2013.

Mr Saleh holds a Bachelor's degree in computer science and an MBA in management and marketing from the Stern School of Business, New York University.




Shameran Abed

Shameran Abed
Executive Director
BRAC International

Shameran Abed is the Executive Director of BRAC International.

Shameran joined BRAC Bangladesh in 2009 and BRAC International in 2012, and has been instrumental in bringing BRAC’s flagship programmes of microfinance and ultra-poor graduation to global scale. Under his leadership, BRAC International’s microfinance portfolio has seen impressive growth and a renewed focus on client impact. Since 2016, Shameran has also led BRAC’s ultra-poor graduation work and played an instrumental role in setting up the UPGI to spearhead global advocacy and provide technical assistance to governments and other organisations.

Shameran has significant Board experience on several non-profit and corporate entities, chairing the board of bKash, BRAC Bank’s mobile financial services subsidiary and one of the world’s largest mobile money providers, and serving on the boards of several institutions including BRAC Bank, BRAC Uganda Bank, and the Global Alliance for Banking on Values (GABV).

Shameran is also chairman of the Microfinance Network and is a member of the Steering Committee of the Partnership for Economic Inclusion at the World Bank. Shameran holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Economics from Hamilton College in the United States and is a qualified Barrister in the UK.




Tamara H. Abed

Tamara Hasan Abed
Managing Director
Enterprises, BRAC

Tamara Hasan Abed is the Managing Director of BRAC Enterprises heading BRAC's ten social enterprises including Aarong, BRAC Dairy and BRAC Seed and Agro.

Ms Abed brings with her extensive experience in investment banking, entrepreneurship and social enterprise, with a career spanning two and a half decades. She is passionate about driving value-based business models, operating at the intersection of social good, sustainable business and inclusive growth.

Ms Abed began her career in investment banking in 1995, at Peregrine Capital Ltd, a Hong Kong based investment bank in Dhaka. Later she moved to New York and worked for Goldman Sachs in Mergers and Strategic Advisory.

She joined Aarong as the general manager for design and product development in 2002. She later took charge of its export division and established the marketing department. In 2005, she was promoted as the head of Aarong and Ayesha Abed Foundation. Under her leadership, Aarong has gone from strength to strength, celebrating 40 years in 2018 as Bangladesh’s most popular lifestyle retail chain. She has been instrumental in driving the expansion of Aarong to 22 national outlets, multiple brands, e-commerce and digital platforms.

In 2006, Ms Abed was also given charge of BRAC Dairy, and since then has built a strong team to take the dairy business to new heights. BRAC Dairy is currently the second highest dairy processor in Bangladesh with a diverse portfolio of products. In 2014, she took charge of all BRAC’s social enterprises. Ms Abed served on the board of directors of BRAC Bank for eight years from 2008 to 2016. She currently serves on the boards of IPDC Finance, BRAC EPL Investments, BRAC EPL Stock Brokerage and edotco Bangladesh.

Ms Abed was elected as Chairperson of the BRAC University Board of Trustees in 2019, of which she was a member from January 2011. She chaired the board finance committee from December 2016 to June 2019, and was a member of the BU Syndicate from March 2011 to June 2019. She currently chairs the Board of BRAC Services Limited and is the executive trustee of Ayesha Abed Foundation. She also chairs the board of BRAC Tea Estates since August 2019.

Ms Abed has represented Bangladesh globally and was honoured by the World Economic Forum as a 'Young Global Leader' in 2010. Ms Abed is an Asia 21 Young Leader. She received the Outstanding Women Leadership Award from the World Women Leadership Congress in 2014.

Ms Abed has an MBA in Finance from Columbia Business School, Columbia University, New York. She completed her BSC in Economics from the London School of Economics. In 2014, Ms Abed completed an executive course on Transformational Leadership at Oxford University’s Said Business School.





Tushar Bhowmik
Chief Financial Officer

Tushar Bhowmik, Chief Financial Officer of BRAC, is an accomplished finance professional with over 20 years of progressive experience in Strategic Leadership, Financial Administration, Corporate Governance, Risk Management and Internal Control in the corporate arena of Bangladesh and UK. Mr Tushar Bhowmik is a member of Board Executive Committee of IPDC, one of the oldest financial institution of the country. He is also a member of the Board of Directors for IPDC Finance Limited, edotco (BD) Co. Limited., BRAC Services Limited and BRAC Industries Limited.

Prior to joining BRAC, Mr Bhowmik worked as the Regional Finance Director of Avery Dennison, South Asia. He also served Functional Head role in reputed local and multinational companies, like Zuellig Pharma Bangladesh, Rahimafrooz Storage Power Division, Transcom Group and Reckittbenckiser, UK and Bangladesh.

Mr Bhowmik is a postgraduate in Accounting from Dhaka University and a fellow member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Bangladesh (ICAB).




Syed Abdul Muntakim
Chief Finance and Risk Officer
BRAC International

Mr Muntakim is a Chartered Management Accountant with over 18 years of experience in the FMCG commercial and corporate financial management.

Prior to joining BRAC, he was a Commercial Finance Controller in the Global Operations function of British American Tobacco (BAT) plc. His previous roles include Senior Commercial Audit Manager, Regional Finance Manager, Europe Region and Management Accountant in BAT London, UK. He also worked as the Corporate Analysis Manager and Leaf Finance Manager for BAT in Bangladesh.

Mr Muntakim is a member (ACMA) of the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA), UK and Chartered Global Management Accountant (CGMA) of the Association of International Certified Public Accountants, a joint accounting association of AICPA, USA, and CIMA in the UK.




KAM Morshed
Senior Director
Advocacy for Social Change,
Partnership Strengthening Unit,
Social Innovation Lab,
Technology and
Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability and Learning

KAM Morshed leads BRAC’s advocacy, partnership, social innovation lab, technology, and monitoring, evaluation, accountability and learning teams. He facilitates BRAC’s policy engagements and stimulates technology adaptation to help reimagine BRAC’s internal processes and programme interventions. He is also responsible for fostering partnership between BRAC and the government to help expand BRAC’s impact.

Before joining BRAC in October 2015, Mr Morshed led Bangladesh’s Policy, Innovation and Communication teams at UNDP for over 10 years. In that role, he managed UNDP-government partnerships and supervised various programme interventions in the areas of ICT4D, MDGs, aid effectiveness, trade, and south-south cooperation.

Mr Morshed has contributed, in various capacities, in the formulation of a number of policies, such as the e-Payment Policy (2005), the Bangladesh ICT Policy (2005, 2010 and 2015), the PPP Policy (2010), Bangladesh Social Safety Net Policy (2015), 6th Five Year Plan (2011-2016), and the 7th Five Year Plan (2016-2020).

Mr Morshed sponsored four successful start-ups, including the country’s first GIS Data Management/BPO company (1993), the first chain supermarket (2001), and the first Business Process Reengineering Consulting House (1999).

He joined his alma mater as a teacher in 1998, teaching MIS and public/development finance. As a professor and specialist, he led and participated in several notable process reengineering projects. He has published in peer-reviewed journals, newspapers and periodicals.

Mr Morshed received both his master’s and bachelor’s degrees with honours from the Department of Finance and Banking of the University of Dhaka. His interests include innovation, behavioural insights, future casting, and social enterprises.



Anisur Rahman

Mohammad Anisur Rahman
Senior Director
Enterprises, BRAC

Mohammad Anisur Rahman leads social enterprises of BRAC in livestock, agriculture, aquaculture, horticulture and other sectors. He serves as a member of the Board of Directors for Delta Brac Housing Finance Corporation Ltd. (DBH) - the pioneer, largest and specialist Housing Finance Institution in the country. He is also member of the Board of Directors for BRAC Services Limited, BRAC Industries Limited, and Bangladesh Netting Factory Limited.

Mr Rahman has over 15 years of progressive leadership experience in managing multiple businesses with forward and backward linkages in FMCG, Food and Agro Processing. He strives to create an enabling and cohesive environment where people can sell their ideas, get empowered and drive changes. Prior to joining BRAC in October 2016, he was working as chief operating officer at PRAN, one of the largest agro-processors in Bangladesh. He also worked for other reputed organisations - Rahimafrooz, AC Nielsen Bangladesh, United Nations and Bangladesh University of Professionals.

Mr Rahman brings with him a wealth of leadership experience, especially in the areas of marketing, sales, customer care, supply chain, human resources, production, and value chain integration. He specialises in orchestrating large projects, start-ups, turnarounds and growth ventures. He is driven to provide strategic directions and improve the bottom line, while ensuring staff compliance to business policies and procedures.

He holds an MBA in Marketing from University of Dhaka and obtained special training from Indian Institute of Management, Kolkata.

Mr Rahman has special interests in travelling, movies and golfing.



Nelly Enwerem-Bromson

Nelly Enwerem-Bromson
Senior Director
Global Resource Mobilisation and Partnership(GRP)
BRAC and BRAC International

Nelly Enwerem-Bromson is the Senior Director for Global Resource Mobilisation and Partnership(GRP), BRAC and BRAC International.

Ms Enwerem-Bromson is an accomplished global development leader with more than 20 years of progressive experience in fundraising, developing innovative partnerships, leading change, scaling-up projects, strategic policy development, and implementation, and delivering on the UN Sustainable Development Goals. She has years of experience in successfully managing international development programmes and mentoring high-performing teams to tackle development priorities in low and lower-middle-income countries.

Ms Enwerem-Bromson has a longstanding professional and personal commitment to human development, based on gender equality, social inclusion, protection of human rights, and support for vulnerable groups. She has served on several boards, including the Portuguese inter-ministerial panels for the Rights of Women, Ethnic Minorities, and migrant populations under Prime Minister Guterres.

Before joining BRAC, Ms Enwerem-Bromson worked at the United Nations for 18 years, 12 of which at the senior level. Ms Enwerem-Bromson served as a Director of the Technical Cooperation Department of the IAEA, heading the Programme of Action for Cancer Therapy (PACT). Ms Enwerem-Bromson also worked for 12 years at the World Health Organization. She was also the Adviser to the President, the Attorney-General and the Minister of State Reform and Public Administration of Portugal.

Ms Enwerem-Bromson holds a Bachelor of Arts Degrees in Political Science and African Studies from Wellesley College and a Master of Arts Degree from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, both in the United States.



Arinjoy Dhar

Arinjoy Dhar
Senior Director
Microfinance, BRAC

Arinjoy Dhar is the Senior Director for Microfinance at BRAC.

Mr Dhar has diverse and extensive experience in strategy implementation, large-scale transformation, digital innovation and adaptation, process improvement initiatives, and customer experience improvement initiatives. He has a proven record of developing strong and successful teams and is passionate about talent development and frugal innovation.

Before joining BRAC, Mr Dhar worked for HSBC Hong Kong Commercial Banking as the Head of Operational Excellence. Prior to this, he worked as the COO Commercial Banking for Pearl River Delta at HSBC China. He held strategic management positions and worked for Commercial Banking teams in Hong Kong, Canada, China, and Bangladesh. He also worked for Asia Pacific Retail Banking, Global Trade and Receivable Finance, Global Insurance, Financial Control, Banking Operations, Credit Risk, Learning and Development functions. He did a short time assignment in Vietnam as Country COO and worked on initiatives in Indonesia and Thailand and attended workshops in Mexico, the UK, Canada, and India.

Mr Dhar holds a Master's Degree in Leadership Practice and Responsibility from Lancaster University and is also a Fellow Member of CIMA and CPA (Australia). He attended advanced management programmes at McGill University, the University of Cambridge, and Shanghai Jiao Tong University.



Akramul Islam

Dr Md Akramul Islam
Senior Director
Communicable Diseases,
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH),
Integrated Development, and
Humanitarian Crisis Management

Dr Md Akramul Islam is the Senior Director of communicable diseases, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), integrated development, and humanitarian crisis management programme (HCMP) at BRAC. He is also an adjunct professor at James P Grant School of Public Health at BRAC University.

Dr Islam completed his master’s in primary health care management at Mahidol University of Thailand, and PhD in international community health at University of Tokyo, Japan. He joined BRAC in 1993 and has served in various capacities since then.

Dr Islam has contributed over 40 articles in international peer-reviewed journals and is a co-author of Making Tuberculosis History: Community-based Solution for Millions. He also wrote a chapter in From one to Many: Scaling Up Health Programs in Low Income Countries.

Dr Islam served as a technical consultant to the International Union against TB and Lung Disease for South East Asia Region from 2009-2010. He was a technical advisory group (STAG) member of WHO on TB in Geneva from 2013-2015. He now serves as chair for the Working Group on Evidence-based Research on Tobacco Control at the International Union against TB and Lung Disease. He is also a member of Technical Working Group of WHO SEARO.

Dr Islam was nominated for the Global Development Network award from the World Bank in 2002 for his PhD research on cost-effectiveness on TB control programme in Bangladesh. In 2008, the International Union against TB and Lung Disease South East Asian Region recognised him for his leadership in public-private partnership model on TB control.

Dr Islam was a visiting lecturer at the University of Tokyo from 2002-2005, and at Harvard University from 2008-2009.






AFM Shahidur Rahman

AFM Shahidur Rahman
Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability & Learning

AFM Shahidur Rahman is the Director, Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability & Learning at BRAC.

Prior to joining BRAC, Mr Rahman worked as the Director of Organisational Transition at CARE Bangladesh. He brings along over 18 years of experience in programme designing, leading strategic management change processes, managing multi-country, multi-lingual programme and project management. He also served Actionaid Bangladesh and Actionaid International for 16 years in various positions where he provided leadership to one of the largest food security networks present in 35 countries in five continents, working with more than a million people. He also led and managed Livelihoods Security and Risk Reduction sector of Actionaid in Bangladesh.

Mr Rahman pursued his Master’s in Business Administration (MBA) from the Institute of Business Administration, University of Dhaka, and Master’s in Economics from the same university.



Ahmed Najmul Hussain

Ahmed Najmul Hussain
Administration, BRAC
Road Safety, BRAC

Ahmed Najmul Hussain is the director of the administration and road safety programme. A graduate of the Police Staff College, UK, Mr Hussain has worked in a variety of law enforcement capacities. He was the superintendent of police in seven districts, as well as additional inspector general of Bangladesh Police, and commissioner of Dhaka Metropolitan Police.

He previously served as lieutenant to major in the Pakistan and Bangladesh armies. Mr Hussain’s earlier positions include chairman of the Bangladesh Road Transport Authority and team leader of the World Bank’s community road safety initiatives project.

At BRAC, Mr Hussain has been responsible for procurement, advocacy, estate, logistics, transport, security, construction, IT systems, telecommunications, road safety and the central store.

He has received various awards, including the Good Service Badge of Bangladesh Police (1994), and the Prince Michael International Road Safety Award, UK (2002).




Anna Minj
Programmes, BRAC International

Anna Minj is the Director of Programmes at BRAC International.

Anna Minj joined BRAC in 2009 and since then has served as a director in various programmes. She started her career with Caritas Bangladesh in 1987 where she served as the programme officer of child care and orphanage management programme. She later became the project coordinator of integrated women’s development programme in the same organisation, a position which she held for 12 years and successfully managed its three phases. She completed her masters in zoology and postgraduate level diploma in project planning and management from IDPM, Manchester University, UK.

In 2002, Ms Minj joined CARE Bangladesh where she served in various positions, eventually becoming the head of human resource and gender equity and diversity. She also served as a social worker with Camden Cross Roads, London and volunteer support to CAFOD, UK.

Ms Minj is affiliated with a number of national and international level forums and networks in the field of development, gender and indigenous peoples’ rights. She serves as the executive board member of Stromme Foundation- Norway, Vice Chair of National Coalition of Indigenous People in Bangladesh, and as chair person of Bangladesh Community Radio Association.



Maria Huq

Maria Huq
Human Resource, BRAC

Ms Maria Huq is the director of human resource at BRAC.

Prior to joining BRAC, Ms Huq worked as the principal human resources officer (head HR of Maharashtra and Goa) at Bharti Airtel Limited. She has more than 17 years’ experience working with various organisations such as HSBC Bangladesh, Paxar Bangladesh Limited and CEMEX Cement Bangladesh Limited.

Ms Huq completed her Master’s in business administration from Institute of Business Administration, University of Dhaka.



Md Liakath Ali

Md Liakath Ali
Climate Change, BRAC and BRAC International
Urban Development, BRAC

Dr Md Liakath Ali is the director of the climate change programme at BRAC and BRAC International, and the urban development programme at BRAC.

Dr Ali has 32 years of working experience with various government, non-government, donor and UN agencies. He started his career with a private company in 1986, and later moved to Bangladesh Water Development Board (BWDB) in 1988, where he worked in the capacity of assistant engineer, sub divisional engineer and executive engineer until 2008. In 2008, he joined Dhaka Water Supply and Sewerage Authority (DWASA) as deputy managing director (RPD and O&M) and continued there until August 2011. He joined as a climate change adaptation specialist in CDMP-II, UNDP in January 2012. In November 2012, he moved to DFID (now FCDO) Bangladesh as the adviser for climate change and environment. Subsequently he joined WaterAid Bangladesh as the director of programme and policy advocacy, and worked there till August 2019.

Over the period he acquired experience in integrated water resources management, trans-boundary water basin management, climate change adaptation and resilience building, disaster management, risk reduction, urban development, and coastal planning and implementation. He is proficient in dealing with environmental issues including impact assessment and studies and projects management. He has a sound knowledge on many key thematic areas of operation and maintenance, institutional aspects, research works, macro and micro level planning and teaching. His key qualifications also include formulation of policy, strategy development, construction, monitoring and evaluation and knowledge management approach. He has a number of publications on environmental issues as well.

Dr Ali has excellent academic attainments. Academically he is an engineer who completed his BSc in Civil Engineering in 1986, from Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology. He did his MSc in Hydraulic Engineering (Land and Development) from the International Institute for Infrastructural, Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering (IHE), Delft, The Netherlands in 1995. Later in 2002, he completed his PhD from the Wageningen University and the International Institute for Infrastructural, Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering (IHE), Delft, The Netherlands.



Dr Morseda Chowdhury

Dr Morseda Chowdhury
Health, Nutrition and Population

Dr Morseda Chowdhury is the Director of Health, Nutrition and Population Programme (HNPP) at BRAC.

Previously, Dr Chowdhury has been leading the HNPP as the Associate Director of HNPP. During 2014-2018, she held the position of Programme Coordinator in HNPP. She joined BRAC in 2005 as a Medical Officer, and over the course she consistently grew in various roles and responsibilities within HNPP. She has been playing an instrumental role, from programme design to the implementation, especially to reduce maternal, neonatal and child mortality among the underprivileged population in Bangladesh. Since the current pandemic broke out in early 2020, she has been providing strategic leadership and hands-on guidance for BRAC COVID-19 health response.

Dr Chowdhury has successfully managed various projects with multiple partners, including the Government of Bangladesh, UNICEF, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office of the UK government (FCDO), Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) of the Australian government, Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (EKN), etc. She also co-leads the disability inclusion committee, is a member of the young professional (YP) advisory committee, Sir Fazle Hasan Abed Values Award committee, grievance management committee, disaster management steering committee and programme coordination committee at BRAC.

In 2018, Dr Chowdhury earned her PhD from the School of Public Health, the University of Sydney, Australia. In her academic career, she received many prestigious awards and scholarships. Some of the key ones include Chancellor's Gold Medal, Vice Chancellor's Gold Medal, and Allan Rosenfield Best Performance Award from BRAC University, and Endeavour Postgraduate Research Scholarship from the Australian Government. In recognition of her commitment and dedication to the organisation, she received the BRAC Values Award in 2012.



Moutushi Kabir

Moutushi Kabir
Communications, Learning and Leadership Development

Moutushi Kabir joined BRAC in January 2018. She has over 18 years of international, senior leadership experience in diverse sectors namely advertising, telecommunications, tobacco and healthcare. Prior to joining BRAC, she was heading Global Leadership and Associate Communications at Sandoz International, a division of Novartis Pharmaceuticals, based in Germany.

She brings in-depth experience spanning the total spectrum of reputation management, internal communications, cultural transformation, executive communications, public relationship, crisis management, and sustainability. She has partnered with global senior leadership team members to shape their messaging and communications style, and have designed and executed multi-country employee engagement and cultural change campaigns within complex, matrix environment.

Ms. Kabir started her career in the advertising industry and has taken progressively senior roles in leading multinational companies like British American Tobacco, Telenor Bangladesh, Nokia and Novartis. She was the Regional Communications Head of Nokia Emerging Asia overseeing five countries (Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Maldives and Bhutan), the Head of Corporate Affairs of Novartis Bangladesh and the Global Head of Quality Communications of Sandoz International, for their 40 plus manufacturing sites across the world.

She completed her bachelor’s in business administration specialising in marketing from Institute of Business Administration, University of Dhaka and master’s in business administration specialising in Corporate Social Responsibility from University of Nottingham, UK.




Nanda Dulal Saha FCA
Internal Audit, BRAC and BRAC International

Mr Nanda Dulal Saha is an experienced professional with 15 years’ of specialized work experience in areas of corporate governance, internal control, compliance, accounting, risk management and IT. He joined BRAC as head of internal audit in 2007 and continues to serve the organization as an internal audit leader. Under his leadership, the internal audit function plays an important role in providing risk-based assurance, advisory and insights to management of BRAC and BRAC International. Prior to joining BRAC, he worked for audit and assurance services with Rahman Rahman Huq, Chartered Accountants (KPMG Bangladesh).

He served on the board of BRAC EPL Investments Limited from 2009 to 2014. Mr Saha provided assurance services for Asian University for Women, BiTS, BRACNet, BRAC University and its institutes. He was board member of Information System Audit and Control Association (ISACA) Dhaka, Bangladesh Chapter from 2012 to 2015 and Chairman of Finance, Audit and Compliance Committee of ISACA Dhaka Chapter during 2014-15. He served as a member of Quality Assurance Board, Review Committee for Best Published Accounts & Reports (RCBPR), Professional Accountant in Business, Technical and Research Committee (TRC), Information & Communication Committee, Members Services and Welfare Committee (MSWC) under ICAB.

Mr Saha was the faculty of BRAC University and is a resource person for training courses on internal audit and risk management organized by IIAB. He developed the Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) framework of BRAC International in the Asian and African countries by providing extensive capacity building training and consultation.

At present, he serves on the board of The Institute of Internal Auditors of Bangladesh (IIAB) as the Treasurer and chairs the Standards Implementation Sub-Committee of IIAB. Besides, he is currently member of multiple committees under ICAB.

Mr Saha is closely affiliated with a number of national and international level forums and networks such as South Asian Federation of Accountants (SAFA), Confederation of Asian and Pacific Accountants (CAPA), The Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA, USA), The Institute of Chartered Accountants of Bangladesh (ICAB) and has attended many training, seminars and conferences organized by these bodies in the country and abroad.

Mr Saha is a fellow member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Bangladesh (ICAB) and a member of The Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA), USA and IIA Bangladesh, and also member of Information Systems Audit and Control Association (ISACA), USA and member of ISACA Dhaka, Bangladesh Chapter.



Nobonita Chowdhury

Nobonita Chowdhury
Preventing Violence Against Women Initiative, BRAC
Gender Justice & Diversity, BRAC

Nobonita Chowdhury is the Director of Preventing Violence Against Women Initiative and Gender Justice & Diversity at BRAC.

Ms Chowdhury holds over two decades of outstanding experience in journalism,media and communications. Prior to joining BRAC, she was the Editor of DBC News. As a journalist, she has worked for leading electronic and print media organisations at home and abroad, including the BBC in the UK and Ekattor Television in Bangladesh. She became a household name as a presenter of radio and television talk shows and rose to nationwide prominence hosting her own primetime talk show “Rajkahon- Nobonita Chowdhuryr Shathe”. These experiences have helped her master a strong ability to identify, absorb and prioritise complex information and present it to the target audience in the most effective manner to achieve the highest possible impact.

As a member of the communications team at mobile operator Robi, she had the rare opportunity to strategize and execute the external communications for the first and biggest ever merger in Bangladesh’s telecom sector between Robi and Airtel in 2016. She had played a pivotal role in developing the messages and communication materials for UNICEF’s nationwide ‘Quality Education for All’ campaign in her early twenties as a social communication executive of Bitopi Advertising agency.

Ms Chowdhury started her career as a Sub Editor in the Daily Bhorer Kagoj, when she was only 18 after being a regular writer/contributor for few years already. After joining Ekushey Television as a researcher during her university days, she had travelled all over Bangladesh to find out real life stories from the grassroots- from Teknaf to Tetulia, Sundarbans to Chittagong Hill Tracts, including the Chars and Haors. Her travel exposure to rural Bangladesh and the world has given her an unparalleled ability to analyse and understand the obstacles and progression of various societies.

Ms Chowdhury has received the prestigious ‘Anannya Top Ten Award’ in 2017 as a leading woman of her time. She had the honour to seat as a member of the Jury Board for the ‘Nasreen Smrity Padak’ given annually by Action Aid- Bangladesh. Ms Chowdhury has been invited to speak at the Plenary Session of the World Press Freedom Day Global Conference in Addis Ababa, organised by the UNESCO in 2019.

Ms Chowdhury holds an MA in Human Rights Law from School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London, and an LLB (Hons) from University of Dhaka.



Palash Kanti Das

Palash Kanti Das
Ultra-Poor Graduation, BRAC

Palash Kanti Das is the Director of Ultra-Poor Graduation Programme at BRAC.

Mr Das is a seasoned development professional with over 20 years of experience in the sector. He brings strong expertise in the fields of sustainable and inclusive development, international relations, gender equality and diversity, and general management in the non-profit sector. Prior to joining BRAC, he served as Programme Management Specialist at UN Women Bangladesh Country Office along with a tenure at Strategic Planning Unit, UN Women Headquarters in New York, USA. Previously, he also served as the Assistant Country Director and Head, Poverty Reduction and Inclusive Growth, UNDP, and led Christian Aid UK as the Country Director in Bangladesh. He served Oxfam at the South Asia Regional Center and Oxfam Bangladesh in various leadership roles.

Mr Das holds a Master of Arts in Economics from Delhi School of Economics, Delhi University, and a Bachelor of Arts from Shri Ram College of Commerce, Delhi University.



Rachel Kabir

Rachel Kabir
Chairperson's Office, BRAC

Rachel Kabir joined BRAC as the director of the chairperson’s office in 2013. She is also secretary to the BRAC Governing Body and Stichting BRAC International Governing Board and is in charge of the internship and visitors’ units. Prior to this, she was responsible for coordinating the labour welfare activities of one of Bangladesh’s leading tea companies for three years. This encompassed the provision of housing, safe water, sanitation facilities, primary healthcare, health education, primary education and crèches for pre-school children.

She has worked for 17 years as a freelance writer and researcher on children’s issues in Bangladesh, principally for UNICEF, Save the Children and the Government of Bangladesh. Her writing assignments covered a wide range of topics, including child rights, child protection, adolescents, early childhood development, nutrition, health, education, water and sanitation. She drafted a number of national-level documents including the national programme of action to achieve child survival and development goals for 1990-95, the national plan of action against sexual exploitation and abuse of children, and the government of Bangladesh’s first periodic report to the UN Committee for the Rights of the Child.

Ms Kabir was the principal researcher in consultations with children on various forms of sexual abuse and exploitation and in a qualitative study on child abuse in Bangladesh. She also acted as an advisor to a national study on child abuse and domestic violence in Turkey. Ms Kabir started her career as a solicitor in London, working for a long-established private client firm in Lincoln’s Inn and a West End specialist media/entertainment firm, after completing a BA in law at the University of Cambridge and the Law Society’s Final Examination (for solicitors).



Rear Admiral M Makbul Hossain

Rear Admiral M Makbul Hossain
Operations, BRAC

Rear Admiral M Makbul Hossain, NBP, OSP, BCGMS, ndu, psc (Retd) is the director of Operations at BRAC.

Rear Admiral Makbul is a military professional who has a very successful naval career of 38 year 5 months. During his long and colourful naval career he has served both home and abroad in military and also outside military. Rear Admiral Makbul commanded all types of Bangladesh Navy ships namely Frigate, Large Patrol Craft, Minesweeper, Patrol Craft, Fast Attack Craft’ Squadrons (both Missile and Torpedo squadrons) and also commanded all Major Bases of Bangladesh Navy. He also served the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) in Bosnia & Herzegovina as Chief 5 of the Sector Bihac where he earned very good name and fame for doing outstanding humanitarian aid programme and received letter of appreciation from UNPROFOR HQ. He has served as Principal of Marine Fisheries Academy on deputation under Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock and raised the status of the Academy to a great extent. He also worked as Director in Naval Headquarters and Director in Directorate General of Forces Intelligence (DGFI).

As Flag Officer Rear Admiral Makbul performed the duties of Commander Chittagong Naval Area (COMCHIT), Commander Special Warfare , Diving & Salvage Command (COMSWADS) Administrative Authority Dhaka and Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Personnel). He commanded Bangladesh Coast Guard as Director General. Prior retirement he has served 4 years in Naval Headquarters as Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Operations) who had 13 directorates under his direct control.

Along with his military professional career he has also worked in Bangladesh Scouts as Regional Commissioner. He was the member of Board of Governors of Bangladesh Institute of International Strategic Studies (BIISS). He also supervised the business activities of 3 Shipyards named Chittagong Dry Dock Limited, Narayangonj Dockyard Engineering Works Ltd and Khulna Shipyard Ltd as Member of Board of Directors.

Rear Admiral Makbul joined Bangladesh Navy as an Officer Cadet in January 1979 and completed his UT Officers’ Basic Course along with sub-specialisation of 5 years duration from Marshal Tito Naval Academy, Split, Former Yugoslavia. He was commissioned on 01 August 1981 in Executive Branch of Bangladesh Navy.

Rear Admiral Makbul attended various courses both at home and abroad. He took part in specialisation on Anti-Submarine Warfare from India in 1990 and graduated from Defence Services Command and Staff College, Mirpur, Dhaka in 1994. He obtained Master in Defence Studies (MDS) from National University, Gazipur, Bangladesh in 1995. He completed Defence and Strategic Studies Course from National Defence University (NDU) of China and received Advance Diploma Degree in 2012. Rear Admiral Makbul also did Officer's Weapon and Junior Officer's Tactics Course (OW & JTC) in SI&T, Sylhet, Deputy President Course, C programming course and also did Crisis Management Course in Hawaii, USA and Transnational Counter Terrorism Course in Washington DC, USA. He also attended many seminars and symposium on national and international security matters especially maritime security related seminars both in home and abroad.

He was awarded with the Noubahini Padak (NBP), Oshamanno Sheba Padak (OSP) of Navy and Bangladesh Coast Guard Medal Sheba (BCGMS) by the Government of Bangladesh for his outstanding performance and contribution in his illustrious naval career.




Ruth Okowa
Director, Africa Region
BRAC International

Ms Ruth Okowa is a seasoned development professional with over 17 years of distinguished and illustrious experience in senior management positions in different countries.

Before joining BRAC International, Ruth served as the Deputy Regional Vice President for Living Water International, Africa, where she was responsible for providing strategic leadership to six country offices in areas of partnership building, fundraising, governance, and programme implementation. Prior to this, she served as the Programme Manager, Family Health International; Programme Director, Community and Reproductive Health, World Neighbors East Africa; CEO, The Health NGOs Network; Country Director, SOS Children's Village, Kenya; Director, Strategy for Africa; and Regional Director, Living Water International, Southern Africa. Additionally, she has undertaken a number of consultancy assignments and research projects for different national and international organisations.

Ms Ruth has a BA in sociology from Kenyatta University and an MA in demography from University of Nairobi.



Safi Rahman Khan

Safi Rahman Khan
Skills Development, and

Safi Rahman Khan is the Director of education, skills development and migration programme at BRAC.

Mr Khan has been the Strategy and Transformation Advisor of BRAC education programme since October 1, 2020 and has been involved in various strategic initiatives of education programme, including the social enterprise wing. Prior to joining BRAC, he was the Advisor (Strategy) in Apex Footwear Limited (AFL) under Apex Group. Earlier, he was the Executive Director, overseeing human resources and compliance at AFL. His initial appointment in the Apex Group was as the Project Director of Blue Ocean Footwear Limited, a Bangladeshi-Taiwanese joint venture, where he led the first phase of the project.

Mr Khan has experience working in the social sector. He was the Executive Director of the Bangladesh Freedom Foundation, an indigenous grant-making organisation, where he guided the Foundation’s revised strategic focus and reduced institutional costs while increasing the grant-making budget. He was also the Country Representative of Ashoka Innovators for the Public in Bangladesh, a US-based international network of social entrepreneurs working on system changing ideas, and was responsible for restarting the country programme and overseeing the election of 28 Ashoka Fellows.

Mr Khan has taught courses on NGOs and Social Entrepreneurship and conducted workshops on corporate governance for NGO Board members. He is currently on the Board of two Bangladeshi not-for-profit organisations, Nagorik Uddyog and Safety & Rights, and was previously on the Boards of The Resource Alliance (UK) and the Asia Pacific Philanthropy Consortium (Philippines). He holds an undergraduate degree in Mathematics from Lawrence University, USA and an MBA from Victoria University, Australia.



Saieed Bakth Mozumder

Saieed Bakth Mozumder
Tea Estates, BRAC

Saieed Bakth Mozumder serves as the director of BRAC’s tea estates division. He joined James Finlay Limited while studying history at the University of Dhaka. Prior to joining BRAC in 2003, Mr Mozumder worked as assistant manager, divisional manager, and was subsequently promoted into the office of superintendent at James Finlay, Doloi and Noyapara Tea Companies incorporated in the UK. He was visiting superintendent and then the general manager in National Tea Company Limited.

In 1993, Mr Mozumder was appointed as general manager of Tea Holding of Transcom Group. He was also employed by HRC Group to develop two estates under tea, rubber and afforestation as general manager, and subsequently as executive director of plantation.

Mr Mozumder was the secretary of Balisera Planters’ Club, and represented the Bangladeshiyo Cha Shangshad on a variety of boards and committees. He was also the director of the board and executive committee of One Bank Limited, and a director in the board of National Tea Company Limited.




Sajedul Hasan
Disaster Risk Management, BRAC and BRAC International

Mr Sajedul Hasan is the director of Disaster Risk Management Programme at BRAC and BRAC International.

Mr Sajedul is a Social Scientist by academic training, is an international humanitarian and development professional with about 30 years of experience in providing leadership, technical and programme assistance in the areas of food security, disaster risk reduction, emergency response, conflict mitigation, and strategic policy formulation. He has extensively worked in Asia and Africa with different programme components around sustainable development, emergency preparedness and humanitarian programme management.

Prior to joining BRAC, Mr Sajedul worked as Chief of Party for Suchana Programme of Save the Children International in Bangladesh. During 2011-2016, Sajedul worked as Director of the Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC) based in Bangkok, Thailand and provided leadership and strategic guidance to ADPCs work on Disaster Risk Reduction and Emergency Preparedness in the countries in Asia and Pacific. Mr Sajedul also held the position of Chief of Party for the OFDA funded Programme for Enhancement of Emergency Response (PEER) which was implemented in 10 countries in Asia. He has worked with CARE International in Bangladesh, Georgia, Sierra Leone, Jordan/Iraq and Indonesia. Also, he has worked as an active member of CARE International's CERT (CARE Emergency Response Team) and participated in various emergency response (Indonesia Tsunami response, Iraq refugee response, Liberia refugee response, Georgia emergency in 1992). Sajedul also responded to some of the major disasters in Bangladesh (cyclones in 1991 and 2007 and floods in 1988 and 1998).

Mr Sajedul possesses skills and experiences in emergency preparedness and response, conflict mitigation and peace building, refugee camp management, mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into development programmes, partnership programming with government, UN agencies and NGOs, training and capacity building and monitoring and evaluation.



Shahriar Hoque

Shahriar Hoque
Technology, BRAC

Shahriar Hoque leads the organisational Digital Transformation and ICT4D mandates with a strong resolve to create opportunities that empower people and communities. A seasoned Technologist, with 23 years of global experience, he specialises in governance, change management, transformational initiatives, and international project supervision in applied IT.

Prior to joining BRAC in 2016, he worked 17 years in various technical expertise and leadership capacities for the Federal Government of Canada, Nortel Networks & Bombardier Aerospace.

At BRAC, Mr Shahriar Hoque directs portfolios through which clients benefit from information communication and technology enabled services. He plays a vital role, from strategically designing programme digitalisation to up-keeping organisational development agenda and tech infrastructure. He oversees a Project Management Unit, and wide range of implementations like, Enterprise Resource Planning and Information Systems. Cumulatively these facilities contribute to the organisational preparedness for the VUCA (volatility, uncertainty, complexity and ambiguity) world.

Mr Shahriar Hoque was the recipient of several recognitions for contribution as a Canadian Public Servant. In 2002, 2006 and 2010, during his tenure with the Canada Revenue Agency he respectively received Recognition for Outstanding Work on Tax On Net Income, Recognising Excellence award for Two-Dimensional Bar Code Project, and Recognising Excellence award for Dedication & Contribution to the ITB Workplace, Health & Safety. He was then assigned to Shared Services Canada, a newly formed Government department, to streamline IT services and develop governance model for which in 2014 he received another recognition for Exceptional Contribution to the ETI Programme.

Mr Shahriar Hoque has done his Bachelors in Computer Science from Concordia University, Montreal, Canada and MBA in Financial Services at Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada. He is also a holder of Fellowship FICB (Fellow, Institute of Canadian Bankers), a prestigious accreditation which has been bestowed on over 10,000 leaders in the banking sector from Canadian Securities Institute – CSI. He was also named in the Dean's Honours List for remarkable performance towards the completion of Cégep – ‘Collège d'enseignement général et professionnel’, issued by Dawson College, Montreal, Canada.



Sheela R Rahman

Sheela R Rahman
Legal and Compliance, BRAC

Sheela R Rahman is the director of Legal and Compliance at BRAC.

Sheela R Rahman is a lawyer who has practised and worked in Bangladesh since 1990, with rich experience as in-house counsel, litigator and trainer. She has expert legal and practical knowledge of banking, corporate finance, corporate and commercial matters, regulatory compliance, and corporate governance. Ms Rahman has also been senior counsel at a few law offices, including Rokanuddin Mahmud and Associates and Syed Ishtiaq Ahmed and Associates, and lastly built her own practice, Maxima.Legal. She has worked as a consultant to international development organisations on secured transactions and corporate governance, law reform proposals, training, and a team member for publications on SME governance and connection of best practices with corporate performance. Ms Rahman has also been an adviser to Teach for Bangladesh and Habitat for Humanity Bangladesh.

Ms Rahman holds an LL.M. degree from University College London and is a Barrister-at-Law, having been called to the Bar of England and Wales from Lincoln’s Inn in London. She is an Advocate, Appellate Division, Supreme Court of Bangladesh.




SK Jenefa K Jabbar
Social Compliance and Safeguarding

SK Jenefa Khanom Jabbar leads the safeguarding unit and the social compliance unit at BRAC. She is also expanding BRAC’s social compliance work with a renewed focus on the RMG sector. She joined BRAC in January 2019, as the Director of the then human rights and legal aid services (HRLS) and social compliance. She also chairs the sexual harassment elimination committee at BRAC, and is the legal adviser of the organisation’s safeguarding team and BRAC University.

Prior to joining BRAC, she worked as the Regional Responsible Sourcing Director for JCPenney Purchasing Corporation overseeing South Asia, Middle East and Africa. She has a decorated career of 23 years with experience of working with renowned organisations including BRAC University, UNDP, ILO, Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BGMEA), TESCO, Gap Inc and Dr Kamal Hossain & Associates. She practiced law as an advocate in the Supreme Court of Bangladesh for more than nine years and is on the Independent Experts Committee of Keeping Children’s Safe (KCS).

Ms Jenefa is a Barrister-at-Law from Lincoln’s Inn, United Kingdom. She has several publications and is a member of the Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn, United Kingdom and Dhaka Bar Association.



Sonia Wallman

Sonia Wallman
Grants Management
Global Resource Mobilisation and Partnership(GRP)
BRAC and BRAC International

Sonia Wallman is the Director of Grants Management as part of the GRP team.

Prior to joining BRAC, Ms Wallman spent fifteen years with Save the Children within various grants and contract management capacities. She began as emergency management support following the 2004 Indonesian tsunami advising on the new and diverse emergency funding portfolio. After a few years of working with the Children in Emergencies and Crisis Department, she moved to the Regional Financial Controlling team as the Grants and Contracts Manager providing compliance support and contractual reviews and approvals for the Middle East, Eastern Europe and Africa. Most recently, Ms Wallman held the position of Director of Strategic Portfolio and Awards Management, supporting 13 countries across the Middle East and Eastern European region, supporting ongoing and complex crises in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, Syria, Turkey, Jordan, Iraq, Yemen, Lebanon and the broader Mediterranean region. During her time as Director, she supported the growth of the regional annual operating budget from $48M to $250M. She led major projects including supporting the global restructuring and redesign of the award management scope inclusive of new business development, and led the embedding of that change in her region. She supported Country Offices to design and implement funding strategies to realise programmatic ambitions. She advised on donor compliance, business development, and contractual arrangements with local partners and vendors. She also possesses business writing and process management skills to build and manage consortia, and lead large and complex proposal development processes.

Prior to her tenure at Save the Children, Ms Wallman worked at CARE USA in the emergency unit and interned with the US State Department at their embassies in Morocco and Egypt within their political and economics bureaux respectively. She also interned with the World Food Program in Rome drafting content for its global gender policy.

Ms Wallman has a Bachelor of Arts in Middle Eastern Studies (major) and City and Regional Planning (minor) from the University of California at Berkeley, and a Master of Regional (Urban) Planning from Cornell University.




Syed Mazbahul Morshad
Chief Engineer
Construction and Maintenance Department, BRAC

Syed Mazbahul Morshad is the chief engineer at BRAC Construction and Maintenance department. As the head of the unit, Mr Morshad is responsible for the implementation of all construction projects. He has 25 years of expertise in supervising the engineering work of various projects, from cyclone shelters to pre-fabricated steel bridges.

Previously, Mr Morshad served as the general manager at Hamid Construction Ltd. Prior to this, he worked at BRAC as the assistant chief engineer, expanding on the construction of physical infrastructure of BRAC’s development activities throughout the country.

Mr Morshad completed his Bachelor’s of Science in civil engineering from CUET, and holds an MBA from BRAC University.



Sunday, 20 October 2019 00:00

Governing Body

Written by


Zillur Rahman

Dr Hossain Zillur Rahman

Economist and social thinker Dr Hossain Zillur Rahman is a leading policy voice of Bangladesh with over three decades of experience within and outside government. Holding a masters in economics from Dhaka University, and PhD in political sociology from the University of Manchester, UK, Dr Rahman was a leading researcher at the Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies between 1977 and 2000, and led the internationally renowned Analysis of Poverty Trends project (1989-98). In 1996, he founded the think tank Power and Participation Research Centre (PPRC) and has been its executive chairman since 2000. He was the lead consultant for the preparation of the first poverty reduction strategy paper, Unlocking the Potential, 2005, of the Government of Bangladesh and was a member of the SAARC Poverty Commission. Dr Rahman has also sat on the board of the central bank.

He authored and edited many influential publications on poverty, social protection, governance, urbanisation, inclusive growth, social development and sustainable healthcare. Some of his noted works include Rethinking Rural Poverty (SAGE, 1995); Local Governance and Community Capacities (UPL, 2002); Unbundling Governance (PPRC, 2007); Researching Poverty from the Bottom up (PPRC/Grameen Trust, 2007); Bangladesh 2030: Strategy for Accelerating Inclusive Growth (DCCI/PPRC, 2010); Bangladesh Urban Dynamics (PPRC/World Bank, 2012); Bangladesh: Primary Education Stipends (PPRC/UNICEF, 2013); Social Protection in Bangladesh (UPL, 2014); Road Safety in Bangladesh (PPRC/BRAC, 2014); Realizing UHC Goals: Challenges & Opportunities for Bangladesh (PPRC, 2016); The Urban Spectrum: Metropolitan to Mofussil (PPRC/BBS, 2016); Exploring a more effective pro-poor targeting approach (PPRC/USAID, 2018).

He has been a consultant to international organisations such as The World Bank, ADB, DFID (now FCDO), JICA, JBIC, UNDP, UNICEF, SIDA, SDC, WFP and UNFPA. As a regular resource person at the National Defense College, Dhaka, Dr Rahman lectures on nation-state system, world economic scene, national security and sustainable development. He is also the convener of civic platforms such as Health Bangladesh, and Safe Roads and Transport for All (SROTA).

On 9 January 2008, Dr Rahman was appointed as an advisor to the former caretaker government of Bangladesh and put in charge of the ministries of commerce and education. He served till the end of the tenure of this government on 6 January 2009, and was credited with a lead role in the successful return of electoral democracy to Bangladesh.

He was awarded Dr John Meyer Global Citizenship Award by the Institute for Global Leadership of Tufts University, USA, in November 2009. He became one of the three awardees of the Gold Medal Award 2013 of Rotary International Bangladesh for his services to humanity.



Advocate Syeda Rizwana Hasan

Adv. Syeda Rizwana Hasan

Adv Syeda Rizwana Hasan is an enrolled lawyer with the Supreme Court of Bangladesh. She works for the cause of environment as the Chief Executive of the Bangladesh Environmental Lawyers Association (BELA), a reputed national NGO. Her main focus is on promoting the notion of environmental justice in Bangladesh. Ms Hasan did her masters and graduation in law from the University of Dhaka with distinction. She started her career with BELA in 1993 and till today is continuing with the same organisation. As the Chief Executive of BELA, Ms Hasan is responsible for the overall coordination of the activities of BELA, including research, awareness raising, public interest litigation (PIL), and advocacy. She has filed PILs on various environmental issues, most of which have received favourable orders/ judgments. She has fought against vehicular pollution, river pollution, industrial pollution, ship breaking, grabbing of wetlands, cutting of hills, unregulated mining, unplanned urbanisation, commercial shrimp cultivation, deforestation, and loss of biodiversity. Her cases are redefining the current notion of development that is devoid of environmental consideration. Since she is an anthropocentric environmentalist, her efforts are adding value to conventional human rights movement by bringing in the elements of environmental justice. She places people’s legitimate rights at the center of her activism. BELA received the Global 500 Roll of Honours of the UNEP in the year 2003, and in 2007 won the Environmental Award given by the Department of Environment for popularising environmental law. Ms Hasan is a recipeint of the prestigious Goldman Environmental Prize. She has been named as one of the 40 Environmental Heroes of the World by TIME magazine. Recognising her impassioned leadership, hard-driving skill, and uncompromising courage in the campaign of judicial activism that has demonstrated that the right to environment is nothing less than a people’s right to dignity and life, Ms Hasan was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award in 2012.


Adeeb H Khan

Adeeb H. Khan

Adeeb H Khan qualified as a Chartered Accountant in England in 1991 and has been Senior Partner of Rahman Rahman Huq (Member Firm of KPMG International) since 2012.

He has been a Council Member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Bangladesh (ICAB) since 2013. He was the President of ICAB for 2017. He is a member of the Executive Committee of Bangladesh Legal Aid and Services Trust (BLAST), perhaps the largest legal aid organisation in Bangladesh. He is serving his third term as an Executive Committee (EC) member of Metropolitan Chamber of Commerce & Industry (MCCI), the oldest and one of the most prestigious trade chambers of Bangladesh, chairing its Taxation Sub-Committee.

Mr Khan’s past directorships include Biman Bangladesh Airlines, the national Flag carrier of Bangladesh, and Electricity Generation Company of Bangladesh Limited. He frequently speaks at various forums on matters connected to taxation, corporate governance, and private sector reform.


Shafiq ul Hassan

Shafiqul Hassan

Shafiqul Hassan is the managing director of Echo Sourcing Limited UK and Echotex Limited Bangladesh. Echotex received Bangladesh’s National Environmental Award, Metropolitan Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Dhaka’s Environmental Award, and J Sainsbury plc’s Corporate Social Responsibility Award in 2010. Echotex was also awarded Best Clothing Supplier in 2011 as well as Best Clothing Supplier and Supplier of the Year in 2012 by J Sainsbury plc.

Mr Hassan co-founded a premium clothing label called Ninety Percent, launched in 2018, that shares ninety percent of its distributed profits between social and environmental causes, along with the people who are involved in making the clothes. He is the co-founder of Children’s Hope, an NGO that works to educate slum children in Dhaka.

He obtained his undergraduate degree from City University, London and postgraduate degrees from Aston University, Birmingham, UK.


Melissa Parke

Melissa Parke

Melissa Dawn Parke has over two decades of experience in international law, politics, sustainable development, humanitarian affairs, human rights and governance. She served as Minister for International Development and is a former federal member for Fremantle.

Prior to entering the Australian parliament Ms Parke served as an international lawyer with the United Nations for eight years in Kosovo, Gaza, New York and Lebanon. Following her retirement from parliament, she worked as an ‘Eminent Expert on Yemen’ for the UN Human Rights Council.

Ms Park is an ambassador for the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, and a member of the Advisory Council of the Australian Centre for International Justice.

She holds bachelor’s degrees in business (Curtin University) and law (University of New South Wales), and a master’s degree in public international law (Murdoch University).



Fathima Dada

Fathima Dada

Fathima Dada has worked in education throughout her career. She has worked as a teacher, lecturer, university external examiner, children’s author and textbook author. Her books have sold over a million copies.

Ms Dada has held almost every level of job in the education industry - from strategy, global product management and marketing, to production and design, sales and sales strategy in the roles of MD, CEO and chairperson. She is currently the managing director of Oxford Education and chairs the Board of OxfordAQA qualifications.

She has also been involved with government and non-governmental work in policy, curriculum, assessment, qualifications and implementation. She has served on several ministerial committees and overseen education reform and policy development in several countries, including working for UNESCO to support education systems in Mozambique, Malawi and Zambia. She has been a council member on the Schools and Vocational Quality Assurance authority in South Africa for 10 years. She helped lead the transformation to sustainability of the education programme of BRAC in Bangladesh.

Ms Dada is on the Board of Oasis Asset Management, and has previously been an active Board member to affordable school chains ie, Omega (Ghana), Spark (South Africa),Bridge (Kenya) and Zaya (India). She is the chairperson of Africa Ignite, a non-profit working for rural community development, and a trustee of MIET, a non-profit working with children in Africa.


Tapan Chowdhury

Tapan Chowdhury

Tapan Chowdhury is a prominent industrialist and leads SQUARE, one of the pioneer and respected business houses of Bangladesh. SQUARE is engaged in Pharmaceuticals, Hospitals, Vertically Integrated Textiles, Toiletries, Food & Consumer Products, Information & Communication Technology, Organic Tea Plantation, Stock Brokerage and Satellite TV Broadcasting.

During the last Caretaker regime, Mr Chowdhury was an Adviser (Minister) responsible for the Ministry of Power & Energy, Youth & Sports, Food & Disaster Management and Science & ICT.

Mr Chowdhury was the Immediate Past President of Bangladesh Textile Mills Association (BTMA) and Former President of The Metropolitan Chamber of Commerce and Industry (MCCI), Past President of Bangladesh Employers Federation (BEF) and Bangladesh Association of Publicly Listed Companies (BAPLC).

Mr Chowdhury is currently an Advisor to Bangladesh Association of Pharmaceutical Industries (BAPI), Trustee of Bangladesh University of Health Sciences Trust (BUHS), Director of Pioneer Insurance Limited, Guardian Life Insurance Limited, Board Member of Central Depository of Bangladesh Limited (CDBL), Governing Body Member of Bangladesh Enterprise Institute (BEI), Executive Committee Member of International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) and Core Group Member of The United Forum of Churches of Bangladesh.

The Government has recognised him over the years as one of the highest individual taxpayers of the Country. He is a Graduate of University of Dhaka and completed many advanced level courses on Business Management and Strategic Planning from U.K.


Dr Fahmida Khatun

Dr Fahmida Khatun

Dr Fahmida Khatun is currently the Executive Director of the Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD), a leading think tank in South Asia. She has accomplished her Bachelors and Masters in Economics from Jahangirnagar University, Bangladesh. She did another Masters in Environmental and Natural Resource Economics and PhD in Economics from the University College London, UK. She did her Post-Doctoral research at the Earth Institute, Columbia University, USA. She was a Visiting Fellow at Christian Michelsen Institute, Norway, Korea Institute for Industrial Economics and Trade, South Korea and Center for Study of Science, Technology and Policy, India.

Dr Khatun’s areas of interest include macroeconomic policy and management, climate change and environmental economics, financial sector, international aid effectiveness, international trade and WTO issues, youth employment, gender issues, interests of Least Developed Countries, and Sustainable Development Goals. She has published extensively at home and abroad. She is a columnist to the Daily Star and contributor to the East Asia Forum.

She was a Director of the state-owned Janata Bank Limited during 2008-2011, and of the SME Foundation of Bangladesh during 2010-2013. She was a member of the Panel of Economists for the Eight Five Year Plan of Bangladesh Planning Commission.


Dr M A Sattar Mandal

Dr M A Sattar Mandal

Professor Mandal, an agricultural economist, has been involved in teaching, research and policy planning in agriculture and rural development for over four decades. Professor Mandal had his bachelor and masters in agricultural economics from BAU in 1973 and 1974, respectively. He did his PhD from the University of London in 1979 and post-doc studies from the University of Oxford in 1986-87. Major areas of Professor Mandal’s academic interests include agriculture and rural development, food and agricultural policy planning, irrigation and water resource management, agricultural technology, rural mechanisation and agribusiness development.

Professor Mandal was the Vice-Chancellor of Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU), Mymensingh, during 2008-2011. He worked for the Bangladesh Planning Commission first as member of General Economics Division during 2000-2001 when he led the mid-term evaluation of the Fifth Five- Year Plan and completed the background studies for the Sixth Five Year Plan. He served the Planning Commission for the second term as member for Agriculture, Water Resources & Rural Institutions Division during 2011-2013 when he was involved in the evaluation and approval of many high profile projects relating to Blue Gold project, capital dredging of the Jamuna river, rural development, food security and poverty reduction.

Professor Mandal has been affiliated with BAU as its first Emeritus Professor of agricultural economics since 2017. He is currently a member of the syndicate of Bangladesh Agricultural University and Sylhet Agricultural University. He has been advising the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh as a member of its Expert Pool. He is currently a member of the Board of Governors of Brac- Bangladesh. Professor Mandal has been a member of the Independent Steering Committee (ISC) for the new CGIAR research program on Fish AgriFood Systems (FISH) of the WorldFish, Penang, Malaysia. Professor Mandal also advises Water Resources Group 2030 of the World Bank and CIMMYT- Bangladesh

Until recently, Professor Mandal was a government nominated member of the Board of Directors of the Krishi Gobeshona Foundation (Agricultural Research Foundation and also a Trustee of the Bangladesh Krishi Gobeshona Endowment Trust (BKGET) of the government. He also worked as a Senior Advisor to Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in Bangladesh during 2015-2016.

Professor Mandal led the preparation of important national policy documents such as Agricultural Mechanization Policy (2019), Reorganisation of the Department of Agricultural Marketing (2010), Reformation of Manpower Structure of the Department of Agricultural Extension- Ag economics and Ag engineering (2012), and Bangladesh Country Position Paper on Food Security for the SAARC Region (2007). He was also the lead researcher of the reports on Economics of Jute Production (2010), Synthesis of Agricultural Policies (2006), Bangladesh Fishery Research Vision- 2015 (2006), Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper-agriculture (2005), Dynamics of Aquaculture in Bangladesh (2004), National Agriculture Policy (1999), Flood Action Plan-12 & 13 (1991), and Agricultural Sector Review- Irrigation (1988).

He led many collaborative research projects with international funding and published his works widely as journal articles, reports, books and monographs. His co-edited book on “Rural Mechanization: A Driver to Agricultural Change and Rural Development” and his book in Bangla ‘Unnoyoner Golpo’ have been widely acclaimed. His edited Bangla book “Bangladesher Krishi Orthoniti- Bishoy O Bisletion” , first of its kind, is published by UPL. His extensive research works on irrigation institutions and water market significantly contributed to the consolidation of the privatisation policy for minor irrigation development of Bangladesh during 1990s. He has 86 published papers and book chapters, 72 conference papers and research reports and 13 books and monographs. He has received many prestigious awards.

He has worked as a visiting professor in many universities abroad including School of Development Studies of the University of East Anglia, UK in 1997 and 2000, and Faculty of Life Sciences of the Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences, Kleve, Germany since 2013 through 2017.




View BRAC International Supervisory and Managing Boards



Join the world’s biggest family



STAY INFORMED. Subscribe to our newsletter.