A pervasive culture of impunity is mostly responsible for the recent increase in sexual violence and other forms of crimes perpetrated against women. Exposure to online content provoking sexual abuse of women and children, strong social and religious values against gender equality and a lack of strong voice among males against such incidents are also responsible for the rapid increase in incidents of violence against women.
Speakers came up with these observations at a sharing session titled 'Redefining masculinity' organised today on Saturday (9 September 2017) at the BRAC Centre in the capital. The event had among its speakers Syed Ishtiaque Reza, director of news, Ekattor Television, Jafar Sobhan, editor, Dhaka Tribune, Nabonita Chowdhury, editor, DBC TV, Supriti Dhar, editor, online portal Women Chapter, and Towhida Shiropa, staff reporter, Prothom Alo. Asif Saleh, senior director, strategy, communications and empowerment, BRAC, moderated the discussion.
Actors Rafiath Rashid Mithila and Iresh Zaker, blogger-activist Arif Zebtik, BRAC Gender Justice and Development programme's director Anna Minj also spoke at the event. Online news portal bdnews24.com was media partner of the roundtable.
Asif Saleh said that the brutal rape and murder of Jakia Sultana Rupa by a gang of males has shocked the nation. We are once again awakened to the reality of increasing acts of sexual violence against women. The perpetrators are males or mostly males. In this context we are intently thinking how a strong social movement can be forged in which men will be at the forefront and raise their loudest voice against all forms of violence against women.
Syed Ishtiaque Reza said, 'Many mass media reports present the analysis of these most horrible crimes focusing on the dress or demeanour of the woman who are the victim of violence in such a way as if these reports defend the acts of the perpetrators. We must get rid of such terrible journalism.'
Nabonita Chowdhury observed that backward social values are at the root of all issues. While a massive campaign aimed at changing the male psyche is urgent, more investments should be made to promote women empowerment. Iresh Zaker said that to change the situation we need to start work at the ground level. Rise of women causes fear in men. To solve that situation we need to move through forming working groups.
Arif Zebtik pointed out lack of or delay in justice as the root cause of increase in violence against women. 'Lack of justice has led many perpetrators to take gang rape as a fashion and an act of heroism. They simply must stop such thinking.'
BRAC director Anna Minj while analysing data of violence against women in different years, said in 2016 BRAC received on average 10-12 complaints per district per month but in 2017 the number has risen to 16-17.
The US-based Ronald McDonald House Charities (RMHC) has nominated BRAC vice chairperson Ahmed Mushtaque Raza Chowdhury for its 2017 “Medical Award of Excellence”.
The award will be given at a gala to be organised in Chicago, USA on 11 November.
The organisation informed Dr Mushtaque of his selection on Wednesday (6 November). The award is given for outstanding contribution to improve the health and wellbeing of children. To honour the awardee, RMHC will present a grant of US$ 100,000 to a non-profit organisation selected by the awardee.
The BRAC vice-chair is also a professor of Columbia University and a board member of South Asia Centre of London School of Economics. He is also the president of Asian Action Alliance for Human Resources in Health (AAAH) and lead group member of UN’s Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) Movement.
Among the previous winners of the Medical Award of Excellence are former US president Jimmy Carter, former US first ladies Barbara Bush and Betty Ford, health minister of Rwanda Dr Agnes Binagwaho and Queen Noor of Jordan.
Currently, the charity is working in more than 64 countries and regions in the world to ensure children’s healthcare and wellbeing.
BRAC in Liberia and the Dutch organisation, Mineke Foundation, joined forces to bring vocational training to girls’ club members. The programme trains them on income generating activities. Young women aged 15-25 participated in a 3-month training in soap making, baking and catering management.
14 out of the 50 first batch of graduates started their own business during their training. Previously, these women had no source of income. They are now earning between $2.50 to $50 a week.
The Mineke Foundation works in Dabwe Town and its surrounding communities, which are all situated near the capital Monrovia. Their goal is to scale up the fieldwork throughout Liberia. Mineke Foundation provides the trainers and BRAC facilitates the vocational training. The trainees are all graduates of the programme itself; they are able to generate additional income.
Training of business leaders
Mineke Foundation and BRAC started two new vocational training groups at the end of July 2017, with one in Gbarnga (Bong County) and one in Sinjeh (Grand Cape Mount Country). An estimated 25 leaders from the local girls’ clubs in each province will receive vocational training so that they can train students in their respective clubs.
The Centre for Environmental and Geographic Information Services (CEGIS), a trustee organisation of the water resources ministry, has identified 29 high risk spots for riverbank erosion in 2017 through a detailed study of satellite data.
Development organisation BRAC is running an alert campaign in six upazilas of four districts, which are among the high-risk spots identified by CEGIS. The areas are Roumari upazila of Kurigram, Sariakandi upazila of Bogra, Pangsha and Kalukhali upazilas of Rajbari and Jajira and Noria upazilas of Shariatpur. The BRAC campaign is disseminating information to the local people about the intensity of bank erosion in these areas and consequent risk of loss.
Speakers revealed this information at an event titled ‘Consultative meeting on early warning for riverbank erosion’ today on Monday (21 August 2017). The government Department of Disaster Management, CEGIS and BRAC organised the event.
Experts at the meeting ascribed the current rise in the intensity of bank erosion to three main factors, which are, climate change impact, water level rise in river systems during monsoon and recent change in the course of some major rivers. Every year numerous people are becoming destitute overnight, losing all their farmland and homesteads into the rivers. This situation calls for urgent action for making bank erosion forecasts available to the vulnerable communities living on or near the riverbanks at risk.
Speakers at the meeting also called on the government to take immediate measures for riverbank protection, building of new embankments and urgent repair work for damaged embankments.
Sudipta Kumar Hore, junior specialist, River, Delta and Coastal Morphology Division, CEGIS, presented keynote paper titled ‘Early warning of riverbank erosion for 2017’. Md Jafar Iqbal, senior sector specialist, Disaster Management and Climate Change (DMCC) programme of BRAC, also presented another keynote paper titled ‘Riverbank erosion prediction and dissemination: Cases from past years’.
Gawher Nayeem Wahra, director, DMCC, BRAC, and Dr Maminul Haque Sarker, deputy executive director (development), CEGIS, moderated the meeting. KAM Morshed, director, Advocacy for Social Change, BRAC, Syeda Meherunnesa, deputy director, Department of Disaster Management, officials from Bangladesh Water Development Board, university teachers and representatives from non-governmental organisations also spoke at the event.
Gawher Nayeem Wahra said, ‘The technological skills we have mastered so far on riverbank erosion forecasts will be truly rewarding when we will be able to effectively disseminate the information to the common people and utilise this information in strengthening our river system management.’
Dr Maminul Haque Sarker said, ‘Natural calamities like floods and cyclones bring loss to people but they do not lose their land. But riverbank erosion takes away people’s land, both farmland and homesteads. Effective river management therefore remains a high priority issue for us.’
BRAC’s DMCC programme has been implementing a project on the risk of riverbank erosion, forecast and advice in different districts with the technical support from CEGIS. The objective of this consultative meeting was to discuss ways and methods for effective dissemination of forecasts and alert messages on bank erosion in 13 vulnerable spots of 16 upazilas in eight districts.
By Sir Fazle Hasan Abed, 2015 World Food Prize Laureate
"When I began working with farmers struggling with poverty in 1972, I was a young accountant, fresh from a job in the finance department of Shell Oil. I had lofty ideas of how I could help transform our new nation, Bangladesh, which was then one of the poorest countries on earth. I thought that if we could empower the poor by providing services like livelihood training, literacy classes and health and family planning, they would be able to vanquish the extreme poverty and hunger they had endured for far too long.
The world was quite a different place then. Bangladesh had gone through a bloody war for independence, and the world’s great powers were locked in a struggle between freedom and totalitarianism. The Green Revolution was still in its infancy, but we knew the vast promise it held for it had already delivered spectacular increases in cereal crop yields in India, West Pakistan and the Philippines; for this, Norman Borlaug had won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970..." Read full article here.
The deadly floods and landslides in Freetown, Sierra Leone have caused large-scale destruction in the city. Heavy rains caused floods and mud slides without prior warning on the night of 14 August. Parts of the Sugar Loaf Mountain collapsed on the edge of the city in the Regent area.
These disasters have caused many residents to become homeless overnight. Authorities have urged affected residents to move to safer grounds as rescue operations continue. As of 15 August, 297 people have been reported killed with many more still missing.
BRAC in Sierra Leone is planning to donate USD 20,000 to the President Emergency Relief Fund; half of the amount will be given in cash while the rest will comprise of food and clothing for affected families.
The office of National Security has requested support from development partners in the form of medicine, food, WASH, clothing, and burial materials.
The government of Sierra Leone has declared a seven-day mourning period.
The recent floods and landslides have caused widespread destruction and casualties in 26 districts of Nepal. The death toll has reached 115 people with another 38 still reported missing. Tens of thousands of people have been forced to evacuate their homes.
In Janakpur, villagers are struggling to find dry and safe places as almost all the settlements in the sub-metropolis have been inundated. Water, food and medicine are scarce and people are drinking contaminated water. There is an increase in patients with waterborne diseases according to the local hospitals.
The Government has anticipated huge losses in the agriculture sector; in the Terai districts alone the losses could amount to NPR 2.86 billion.
The floods have caused wildlife devastation as well. A rhinoceros and six deer were found dead near Triveni river bank in Nawalparasi district on Monday.
BRAC in Nepal attending coordination meetings and collecting information about the affected areas.
Deputy Head of the Department for International Development (DFID) Pakistan, Ms.Ruth Lawson meeting with Country Management Team in country office BRAC Pakistan
The newly appointed deputy head of DFID Pakistan, Ruth Lawson, visited BRAC in Pakistan head office in Islamabad.
Lawson met with BRAC in Pakistan’s higher management and the head of education programme where she learned about BRAC’s education programme in Pakistan, its achievements and the challenges on the ground. She appreciated BRAC's community based education model and assured DFID’s continuity to collaborate with BRAC in improving the efficiency of the programme to fight illiteracy and low enrolment in the country.
Lawson commended the close collaborations between BRAC’s education programme and the Government of Pakistan and termed it as a positive and effective strategy to increase enrolment of out-of-school children in the country. The chief executive officer of BRAC in Pakistan, Sher Zaman expressed his pledge to ensure quality delivery of education programme and thanked Lawson for her visit and DFID’s continuous support.
BRAC in Pakistan has established 1,500 community-based schools in Karachi, Khairpur, Kambar Shadadkot, Jacoababad districts of Sindh province with funding received from DFID and the Government of Pakistan. In April 2017, 5,500 students have successfully been mainstreamed to government primary schools after completing primary education from 200 BRAC community-based schools.
BRAC Nursery, previously known as the Social Forestry Programme, was set up in 1988 to provide high quality seeds to small and marginal farmers to increase agricultural productivity and farm earnings.The enterprise uses a variety of activities to increase awareness about the necessity of planting trees and to increase the number and variety of trees not only to meet the basic needs such as timber, fuel and fruit but also to restore the ecological balance.
We aim to maintain and improve ecological balance through forestation and contribute towards increasing environmental awareness alongside of generating income and employment. This year we have been awarded the First Prize in the National Tree Plantation and Tree Fair by Bangladesh Forest Department, Ministry of Environment and Forest.
Development organisation BRAC is taking initiatives to help the flood affected communities across the country. Tk 50 thousand has been for each upazila to provide emergency assistance to flood victims. Dry food has been distributed to 22,500 flood victims in Thakurgaon upazila and food has been distributed to 3500 people of Debiganj upazila of Panchagarh.
BRAC is taking its initiatives in coordination with the government departments concerned. The assistance will be continued by BRAC’s Disaster Management and Climate Change (DMCC) programme until the situation adequately improves. The DMCC has already instructed its staff to make necessary expenses to provide assistance to the flood affected people from its relief budget.
BRAC has already undertaken an emergency awareness campaign in the flood affected localities about shifting the women and children to safe shelters from road, railway land and riverbank area where they have taken emergency refuge, safe food supply, use of sanitary latrine and other important public health and safety issues.
According to the flood forecast and warning messages, in the next 10 days districts where flood situation may worsen include Kurigram, Gaibandha, Bogra, Jamalpur, Sirajganj, Tangail, Manikganj, Faridpur, Shariatpur, Chandpur, Rajbari, Chapai Nawabganj and Rajshahi.
BRAC staff has been instructed to provide assistance to the affected people in these districts.