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Saturday, 12 September 2015 18:00

School inauguration in Balkh province

 AfghanSchoolInauguration

On 13 September 2015, BRAC Afghanistan inaugurated a school building in Daulatabad district of Balkh province. The inauguration ceremony which took place in the new building premise was attended by representatives from the Ministry of Education, country representative of BRAC Afghanistan, Shura leaders, teachers, female students from the community and their parents.

A Shura leader mentioned that there is only one high school in this village. The officials from the Ministry of Education urged the community people to inspire their children to seek education.  

The new building built on a land donated by the community consists of five classrooms, one office room, two latrines and one hand pump. The classrooms are well equipped with necessary academic materials and teaching supplies. Currently 90 female students attend the school.

 

abed-with-wfp

 

Founder of BRAC received this prestigious prize for giving nearly 150 million people worldwide the opportunity for enhanced food security and a pathway out of poverty.
 
BRAC founder and chairperson Sir Fazle Hasan Abed has been honoured as the 2015 World Food Prize Laureate, on 16 October 2015 at 06:30am (Bangladesh time) at a ceremony held at the Iowa State Capitol Building in Des Moines, Iowa, USA. This highly prestigious prize was conferred to him for his outstanding contribution to enhancing the world's production and distribution of food to those most in need.

The chairman of The World Food Prize John Ruan III handed over the award to Sir Fazle at the event which was the centrepiece of a three-day international symposium. This prize which often referred as the Nobel Prize for food and agriculture also includes USD 250,000.

Receiving the award Sir Fazle said, “I must acknowledge that the award does not belong to me alone, it is the recognition of BRAC’s work over the last 43 years in providing pathways out of poverty for millions of people in Bangladesh and other countries in Africa and Asia.”

He also said “The real heroes in our story are the poor themselves and, in particular, women struggling with poverty who overcome enormous challenges each day of their lives. Throughout our work across the world, we have learnt that countries and culture vary; but realities, struggles, aspirations and dreams of poor and marginalised people are remarkably similar. In order to solve the multidimensional problems of poverty, we have to think big, in terms of millions not thousands and holistically. In the coming decades we must refine methods of delivery at scale, placing solutions at the hands of poor people themselves and track progress. Only by putting the poor specially women in charge of their own lives and destinies will poverty and deprivation can be removed from the face of the earth.”

Guests and dignitaries present at the ceremony included US secretary of agriculture Tom Vilsack, president of World Food Prize Foundation Ambassador Kenneth Quinn, president of Iowa senate Honourable Pam Jochum, speaker of Iowa house Honourable Linda Upmeyer. Former president of republic of Malawi and founder of the Joyce Banda Foundation Mrs Joyce Banda was present as distinguished special guest of honour. The ceremony was presided by the governor of Iowa Terry Branstad.

BRAC is widely credited as a major contributor to Bangladesh's achievement in halving poverty and hunger levels since 1990, in line with the UN's Millennium Development Goals, through its sustained efforts in the fields of poverty and hunger eradication and food security. By focusing on scalable solutions, BRAC’s food programmes have turned into sustainable social enterprises that provide inputs and access to stable markets for the rural poor. From its inception till today,

BRAC has helped nearly 150 million people worldwide with the opportunity for enhanced food security.

Earlier this year, Ambassador Kenneth M. Quinn, announced Sir Fazle as this year’s winner at a ceremony at the State Department in Washington, DC.

BRAC's agriculture and food security programmes are part of a larger set of poverty eradication interventions working in 11 countries, empowering the poor, especially women and girls, using tools such as microfinance, education, health care, legal services, community empowerment, social enterprises, and a full-fledged university, BRAC University, in Dhaka.

 

Watch Sir Fazle's speech at the ceremony

 

Flo
Flo kit includes reusable sanitary pads and equipment for washing and drying them discreetly. Photograph: Flo

Even in 2015, menstruating females in Asia and Africa are shunned as unclean and have difficulty getting hold of sanitary products. A 2011 survey for the Indian government found that only 12% of women across India use sanitary pads. Others use old rags, and unhygienic substances such as sand, sawdust, leaves, mattress foam and even ash to stem their monthly bleeding, with implications for their health and education. Menstruating girls in both Asia and Africa are unable to go to school during their periods, or drop out of school altogether.

Japanese design student Mariko Higaki Iwai hopes that she can help make the lives of girls and women better with her design for a simple reusable pad, which has won some high-profile awards and plaudits from development professionals.

“What I loved about it is that it gives the possibility of addressing the issue of washing and drying [a pad] with dignity,” says Archana Patkar, programme manager of the UN’s Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC), who has spent 20 years working on menstruation in Asia and Africa.

Iwai’s invention allows a girl to discreetly carry a reuseable pad in a pouch around her waist to school, store a soiled one until she returns home, then wash and spin-dry the pad with a spinner that cunningly converts into a hanger covered by a burlap cloth so it can be hung outside to dry without embarrassment. Flo recently won a gold award from the Industrial Designers Society of America and is shortlisted for an international award from the James Dyson Foundation.

Iwai developed the prototype and a business plan for its global production and distribution during a 17-week course at the Art Center College of Design in California last year, with a multidisciplinary team of Sohyun Kim, Tatijana Vasily, Charlotte Wong and Benjamin Freedman. They named it Flo because they wanted to remove the stigma. “Flo is flow of blood from menstruation, flow of water that cleans the pads, and ‘go with the flow’, to accept who you are and what your body goes through,” says Iwai.

The team decided to focus on reusable pads because sanitary pads are too expensive for people who live on less than $1.25 a day. But they quickly realised that their product would have to tackle social as well as practical barriers: in most parts of the world social norms prohibit girls from washing used rags with other clothes or drying them in public. This mean they must be furtively washed, then stuffed under mattresses or under the eaves of roofs, where they never get dry, and can become breeding grounds for reproductive infections and illnesses.

Iwai says it was heartbreaking for her to discover during researching the product how badly girls were affected during their periods, with many even put in isolation in their communities. “It’s 2015 and such things shouldn’t be happening now. That was what we wanted to solve.”

Flo would not be the first reusable menstrual pad. In Africa there is the AFRIpad, and in India the Uger pad. Patkar says there are also affordable eco-friendly disposable pads, such as the Anandi pad in India, and in Africa pads made of banana fibre by SHE Enterprises, founded by Harvard Business graduate Elizabeth Scharpf.

Patkar points out that she had not seen the Flo kit, “but I love that it looks at the drying aspect, and no other reusable does from the range I have seen.” The important thing is it could help girls to manage their periods in privacy – a key issue in patriarchal societies such as India. Washing reusable pads means women are also not having to dispose of blood-soaked sanitary pads, “which pollute the environment as the waste disposal chain chooses to ignore them, perpetuating the silence and stigma all the way down the chain”.

But cost, at an expected retail price of $3, could be prohibitive in some of the remote rural areas they work in Senegal, Niger, India and Nepal, Patkar says. Ingeborg Krukkert, who leads programmes in Asia for international water, sanitation and hygiene NGO IRC, agreed that cost would be a barrier.

Krukkert added that Flo’s potential will also be limited in countries whose governments are not working to tackle the issue. “These kind of ‘hardware’ solutions to menstrual hygiene are great, but they won’t help at scale to achieve the SDGs [sustainable development goals],” Krukkert says. “What’s needed is for the governments to be on board and take responsibility to act on this.”

Some countries are taking responsibility. India and Senegal have recently announced major initiatives to improve menstrual hygiene, including providing girls toilets and hand basins in schools and public places, and WSSCC is also working with Cameroon and Niger.

In Bangladesh, the country’s largest NGO, Brac, has been working on improving menstrual hygiene at both the community and school level since 2006, with funding from the UK’s Department for International Development, among other donors. Over the first four years of the programme absenteeism of female students during menstruation reduced from 44% to 33%.

But Patkar points out that the 17 SDGs, agreed by 150 world leaders last week at the UN General Assembly in New York, does not have a single mention of menstruation in the 35-page document – despite the fact that at least eight of the 17 goals are related to improving the lot of women. Krukkert points out that even the mention of “hygiene” was dropped from early drafts of SDG 6, covering the human right to clean water and sanitation, at the beginning of this year, and was only reinstated in September after a campaign by 90 NGOs.

Patkar says that menstrual hygiene management is a “huge blind spot” even for people working in water, sanitation, hygiene, as she found during a 2004-study (doc) of menstrual hygiene management around the world.

“It’s deplorable that the Wash sector hasn’t talked about this,” says Patkar. “I think the worst thing we can do is perpetuate the silence around these issues by not specifically naming them in the SDGs.”

Whether Flo will be able to contribute to breaking the silence over menstruation remains to be seen. “The development of the product is in the very early stages,” says Iwai, who is still in her last year at college. She says it’s important that Flo is extensively field-tested in many different countries to see how women interact with it. “It’s a prototype that still needs research. We don’t want to make a product that isn’t needed and ends up in landfill.”

Thursday, 01 October 2015 00:00

Disability inclusion at BRAC

Written by

Disability-inclusive development envisions a society that values and enfranchises all persons with disabilities. Disability-inclusive practices aim to contribute to equal opportunities and equitable outcomes for all. Moving towards disability inclusion provides insights into how disability perspectives may be incorporated into policies, laws, services and programmes and the essential elements for sustainable and inclusive growth and development of societies.

The ILO has described persons with disabilities as the world’s largest minority group, with 80 per cent living in developing countries. The WHO and the World Bank estimate that over 1 billion people (about 15 per cent of the world’s population) have disabilities, and 785 million are of working age (15-59 years old).

BRAC recognises the existing and potential contributions made by persons with disabilities to the overall well-being and diversity of their communities.

For over 40 years, BRAC has been empowering communities to harness their own human and material resources to rise out of poverty.

Our holistic approach geared towards inclusion gives poor and marginalised groups the chance to seize their own lives and make a lasting change. Inclusiveness is one of BRAC’s four core values, the others beings,
 

integrity, innovation and effectiveness. BRAC strives to internalise these principles, which is reflected in the outlook of our staff, as well as various components of our development programmes. We aim to make a visible commitment by embodying a culture of inclusiveness in all our endeavours.

Promoting human rights, fundamental freedoms and full participation of persons with disabilities can result in their enhanced sense of belonging and make significant strides in human, social and economic development while eradicating poverty. Thus with its core value of inclusiveness in mind, ensuring equality, accessibility and awareness for persons with disabilities is a top priority for BRAC’s employment practices and overall development strategy.
 

What's happening

 

BRAC's approach towards differently able-d population

 ED-Pilot-Press-Release
Chevron Bangladesh today announced the launch of an 18-month pilot for an enterprise development programme. The initiative, to be implemented by BRAC, will be for the communities of the Bibiyana, Jalalabad and Moulavi Bazar gas field locations where Chevron operates. It is part of the five-year Bangladesh Partnership Initiative (BPI), a $10M commitment that was formally launched in September 2014 to support economic development. The ceremonial event held at a local hotel was graced by the presence of Energy Adviser to the Prime Minister of Bangladesh, Dr. Tawfiq-e-Elahi Chowdhury, Bir Bikram, and the United States Ambassador to Bangladesh, Marcia Stephens Bloom Bernicat, who attended as Chief and Special Guests respectively. Also present were President of Chevron Asia Pacific Exploration and Production, Melody Meyer; Senior Director of Strategy, Communications and Empowerment at BRAC, Asif Saleh; Managing Director of Chevron Asia South Ltd Brad Middleton, and Chevron Bangladesh President, Kevin Lyon.   

It is anticipated that the programme will reach approximately 20,000 beneficiaries, and up to 1,500 enterprises will be established during its lifespan.

Mr. Lyon said in his remarks, “We feel privileged that BRAC, the world’s largest NGO, is partnering with us on this important journey. We’re confident that their tremendous knowledge and vast experience will help us significantly improve the socioeconomic standing of our communities. BPI is a five-year programme, but I hope that its impacts will be sufficiently far-reaching to continue beyond its lifespan and beyond Chevron’s intervention. We want to be a part of the success of our communities, and I’m excited that the launch of this pilot will be a key step in that direction.”
Mr. Saleh said, “The project focuses on inclusion, sustainability and self-dependence. BRAC’s strength is working in the rural Bangladesh focusing on holistic development and the partnership with Chevron will have a bigger impact in generating livelihoods for the target group. We hope our joint work can give people the tools to climb out of poverty and lead them towards prosperity.”

Chevron Bangladesh entities are subsidiaries of Chevron Corporation, one of the world's leading integrated energy companies. It produces natural gas from the three fields of Bibiyana, Jalalabad and Moulavi Bazar in North-Eastern Bangladesh. In areas where we operate, we invest in activities and programmes that focus primarily on economic development, education and health care, collectively reaching nearly 37,000 people. We work with our communities across our operations, building long-term partnerships that foster social and economic development.

 

By Maria A. May, special to Humanosphere

Earlier this summer I wrote a response to the constant attacks from microfinance haters that are trending this year. It was a nice surprise to see that a piece referencing Taylor Swift could be taken seriously!

Obviously the hardcore haters are a small minority. More frequently I encounter the more moderate “post-microfinancists”: people who staunchly supported microfinance in the 1980s or 1990s but now consider it obsolete. Many of us left in the market find ourselves constantly having to argue that we’re not being left behind, focusing on the new innovations we’re trying instead of the model that accounts for most of our portfolio.

It wasn’t always this way. At one point microfinance was seen as almost a silver bullet of poverty elimination. Its popularity probably peaked around 2006 when Mohammad Yunus and Grameen Bank won the Nobel Peace Prize. His work in Bangladesh, on which BRAC drew substantially in its development of a microfinance model, inspired widespread adoption globally of a group-based model accessing savings facilities and small loans with a repayment of small, consistent installments on a weekly basis.

But in the age of mobile money, many question whether this type of standard loan, with proper regulation and safeguards, continues to provide a valuable financial service to poor people. While there is scope for improvement, many of the most common critiques from the post-microfinancists have flawed assumptions.

Here are three that I hope we can reexamine:

“Microfinance is too rigid to meet the needs of the poor.”

One of the factors of the sector’s success to date is the traditional simplicity of the product design: for example, a one-year loan with weekly installments of equal amounts. It’s a product that clients can understand and plan around. There’s virtually no fine print “terms and conditions.” It’s the same year after year. Regular, frequent repayments also create a sense of discipline and typically minimize the burden on a family’s consumption.

Many institutions, BRAC included, are thinking about ways to better segment clients and customize to their needs, but it’s often harder than it looks. As demonstrated by financial diaries, the poor often combine a number of financial instruments, formal and informal, to manage their money. Many have developed innovative strategies to smooth their incomes. For example, in Bangladesh it is very common for tenant farmers to also cultivate vegetable gardens or poultry and livestock, which offer a steady stream of income to supplement the seasonal harvest. Efforts to customize payment schedules around cash flows are often rejected by clients, who find it easier to deal with constant small payments than arguably better-timed big ones.

“We need to move from microfinance to pro-poor financial models.”

What does pro-poor mean, if not empowering people through more opportunity, ability to improve their financial situation, and minimize vulnerability to outside shocks? By these standards, microfinance is a powerful tool because people can apply it in so many ways. Because people understand the basic product, they can become sophisticated users, able to mold the product to their own pressing needs. Clients may take their first loan or two to invest in their business, but often their third or fourth loan goes towards other purposes, such as repairing their house, financing a household solar system, or buying a fridge. There are creative uses that we see too: people take loans to pay off their higher-interest debt with local informal money lenders. Loans for medical emergencies, to cover school fees, or even just to smooth consumption when times are tough. Part of the beauty of the standard microfinance loan product is that it’s reliable and quickly disbursed, so people can breathe easier knowing that they have access if they need it.

“We should be focusing on other types of financial products, like savings and insurance, instead of loans.”

Savings is very important and an area where access needs to be expanded greatly. As I point out in my earlier piece, in many markets regulators limit the ability of microfinance providers to accept deposits. But at the same time, we should acknowledge that most households globally have financial needs that can’t be met by solely by withdrawing savings.  

Insurance in most emerging markets remains nascent. Across agriculture, emergency, and health, efforts to date have either proved to be financially unsustainable or to have very low levels of uptake. Many are excited about mobile platforms as a tool for increasing insurance penetration, but the evidence of any impact is yet to be seen.  Insurance is a bit more complex than a loan and new to many poor households, so the education and support components will need to be significant for households to utilize it effectively. Consumer protection and good regulation on insurance may also take some time.

Bottom line: there remains a substantial need for credit, and thus far it has proven to be the most scalable and sustainable product in many microfinance markets.

Tweaking the model versus starting from scratch

There’s plenty of scope for improvement in microfinance.  As the head of research and development unit for the BRAC microfinance programme, I’m constantly thinking about how to better understand our clients’ financial lives and offer savings, credit and even insurance that meet their needs. And I’m very proud of some of the pilots that my team is running, including an innovative medical treatment loan and popular credit shielding product. In the next few months we’ll be testing out several new benefits for loyal clients, including more flexible repayment and pre-approval for emergency loans.

As providers, we can work on creating better tools, but making gains in financial inclusion is more about providing a few thoughtful, simple products than a overflowing marketplace of options. When provided responsibly, with adequate information, they can offer poor households financial flexibility and support, very important dimensions of empowerment.

 

MariaMayMaria A. Mayis the senior program manager for the BRAC Social Innovation Laband also oversees research and development for the BRAC Microfinance Programme. She is based in Dhaka, Bangladesh. She co-wrote Making Tuberculosis History: Community-based Solutions for Millions and regularly blogs on 59minutedevelopment.blogspot.com.

 

Bangladesh International Women’s Day
Women march with lighted candles on International Women’s Day in Dhaka, Bangladesh last year. Photograph: Mamunur Rashid/Demotix/Corbis

Growing up in Bangladesh, Ratna loved her bike. She was a tomboy, a lively kid with a passion for learning.

But at the age of 14 she was forced into marriage to a man in his mid-20s. She went to live with her in-laws, miles from her family home. Her new family prevented her from attending school, not allowing her to leave the house, and subjected her to both physical and emotional abuse.

When the Guardian spoke to her on Skype last week, that tomboy was gone. Forced into marriage at the age of 14, before facing years of domestic abuse and other hardships, the most depressing thing about her story is that it is so common.

Bangladesh has the highest rate of marriage for girls under 15 in the world. According to figures from Unicef, 29% of girls married by that age, and 66% are wed by 18. By age 11, 2% of girls are married.

Child marriage was made illegal in 1929 with the passing of the national Child Marriage Restraint Act. But driven by enduring traditions, even more enduring poverty and inaction from law enforcement, the country is now showing worrying signs of regression. In July 2014, despite pledging to end child marriage by 2041, the country’s prime minister, Sheikh Hasina, attempted the lower the minimum age of marriage from 18 to 16.

The result has been a generation of girls married too young, their routes out of poverty through education and work blocked by overbearing and abusive in-laws.

Ratna became pregnant at 16, but worked in secret to complete her studies. When she sneaked out to take her final exam to complete her education, she was kicked out of the home.

Speaking through a translator, with the support of NGO Brac, Ratna, now 23, is clearly upset telling her story. At one point she breaks down in tears.

The Guardian speaks to another girl whose identity is undisclosed for her own safety. Like Ratna, her parents faced a battle to marry her off after she was sexually harassed by men living in her street. When neighbours complained that she was “not a good girl,” her parents decided they only had one option: arrange a marriage as soon as possible.

Aged 16 and similarly academically gifted, she will be married in a year’s time to a man seven years older than her, whom she has met only once.

A number of groups are working to address the issue. Brac uses grassroots political activism to campaign against child marriage and violence against women. Through offshoots like the Student Watch Group, the NGO helps students protest when they come across incidents of violence or child marriage in their classrooms.

Through a whole stream of community organisations, activists negotiate with families to persuade them to reconsider marrying off their children, as well as informing the authorities. Ratna herself has gone on to work with Brac.

But the obstacles to such work are tremendous. With 31% of Bangladeshis living in poverty and employment opportunities for young women lacking, families are often faced with child marriage as the only way to secure a future for their children. A dowry – a traditional, yet illegal, practice where the groom’s family make a payment to the bride’s relatives – is often the only way to make money.

The country’s vulnerability to environmental disasters also drives child marriage. Researchers from Human Rights Watch (HRW) found families marrying their daughters off in anticipation of losing their homes due to river erosion, when they wrote a report on the issue last year. Other families said that with natural disasters destroying their crops, marriage offered their children the best route out of a family that could no longer feed itself.

As Heather Barr, senior researcher on women’s rights for HRW, said at the time the report was published: “Child marriage is an epidemic in Bangladesh, and only worsens with natural disasters.”

As for the 16-year-old, her dreams of becoming a doctor will likely never be realised, no matter how supportive her new in-laws are.

“Most of the girls in our society don’t have the option of marrying someone they choose,” she says, through a translator. “I had a dream to be a doctor, or to work in business. The dreams I had in childhood are not possible now.”

 

Kabaddi-2

Institute of Kabaddi became champions of the Aarong Dairy Federation Cup Women’s Kabaddi Tournament 2015 by defeating Dhaka Wanderers by a scoreline of 23—21 in the final.  The seven-day long tournament, organised by Bangladesh Kabaddi Federation saw the participation of six teams, including three clubs and three divisional teams. Shraboni Mollick of Dhaka Wonderers was adjudged the best player of the tournament, while Rina Akter and Kazi Saheen Ara Brishti of the Institute of Kabaddi won the best defender and best raider awards respectively.

Sport, and particularly women’s participation in grassroots level sport, has become increasingly tied in with developmental theory and practice, as an opportunity for young people to empower themselves. The necessity for the kabaddi players to direct their own bodies with confidence on the court, and the realisation that their exertions bring them a form of success, increases the women’s self-esteem and belief in their ability to advance themselves. Team sports like kabaddi also involve learning and practicing the skills of collaboration and leadership, training that is particularly valuable to young women who may not otherwise have access to public leadership positions. In addition, sport is vital to young people’s physical health, and for young women in Dhaka, who are subject both to oppressive norms and urban overcrowding, events like the Aarong Dairy Federation Cup Women’s Kabaddi Tournament offer an important space for play.

The tournament combined this intention for progress with roots to heritage, as kabaddi, despite being less popular than cricket and football, is Bangladesh’s national sport. Speaking at the occasion, Ashok Kumar Biswas, secretary of the National Sport Council, pledged the government’s continued support for kabaddi and asked other private and non-governmental organizations to follow the lead of Aarong Dairy and come forward to support the sport.

 

Wednesday, 23 September 2015 00:00

Sustainable Development Goals: Planet

Planet

Building resilience and perseverance among people vulnerable to climate change.

 

Till 2014,
36.9 million people were served with hygienic latrine
2.3 million people were served with safe drinking water

 

Here is a story we would like to share about Planet

Moyna-Khatun

Of loss and human resilience
Gender inequalities in South Asia leave women more vulnerable to impacts of climate change. Recognising this, BRAC in association with UN Women, builds resilience among women living in climate-vulnerable regions of Bangladesh. Moyna Khatun is a member of a women’s group in her village in northern Bangladesh.

Since she was among the few with primary education, her peers nominated her to receive psychosocial training. Moyna knows about the effects of climate change and how it is a threat for her drought-prone village. She now leads a 24-member strong group, helping them understand the deep impact of climate change and the ways they can cope with them. Many in her village face the risk of losing assets in the face of disasters. Many have lost their family members. Most of the time, they cannot deal with the losses and break down. The group offers women like Moyna a platform to share and support each other in handling psychosocial trauma that climate change-inflicted disaster may frequently bring. 

“It was very painful when my husband I lost all our crops due to drought and storm,” explains Moyna. She says, “I have learned the importance of opening up to each other. I want members of my community who have faced grave losses, to have the mental strength to cope with them.”

 

sanitation bangladesh image by brac 0

The BRAC WASH programme began in 2006 and has provided more than 37 million people in Bangladesh with hygienic sanitation and more than two million with access to safe water.

This report documents the proceedings of a learning workshop that brought together donors, government, and national and international NGOs to examine the outcomes of the BRAC WASH programme second phase and emerging challenges.

The first part of the report starts with a review of the programme’s achievements and main challenges, with a special focus on the innovation and learning partnership between BRAC and IRC and what the sector should adopt from BRAC WASH. This is followed by responses from BRAC WASH staff to questions from the floor about issues including financing, sustainability and data sharing. In the next section there are short reflections from the programme’s donors including the Embassy of the Netherlands, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and Splash, as well as the Bangladesh government, IRC, NGO Dustha Shasthya Kendra (DSK) and others.

Part two of the report documents discussions on three new areas of work that BRAC intends to focus on: sustainable integration of WASH in other BRAC programmes, WASH in urban areas and water security in coastal areas.

Download the full article here.

 

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