“It was not an accident, it was a murder”- speakers at the Road Safety Dialogue in remembrance of Tareque Masud, Mishuk Munier
Vehicle without fitness, lack of road safety awareness and drivers without license are the major reasons of road accidents in Bangladesh, said speakers at the “Road Safety: A dialogue” held at Dhaka University premise. The seminar was jointly organised by BRAC and Tareque Masud Memorial Trust at the Road Safety Memorial.
Present as a speaker, Professor Dr A A M S Arefin Siddique, VC of Dhaka University said, “Lack of road safety awareness, drivers without license, lack of governance are the major reasons for road accidents which can be controlled if taken proper initiatives.”
Famous actor and road safety activist, Ilias Kanchan said, “It is our responsibility to know the basic traffic rules and regulations for our own safety. We have to bring a change in our mindset. To reduce pedestrian death rate, we have to be cautious and follow the traffic rules.”
Chairperson of the TMMT Catherine Masud said, “Road Safety is a multi-faceted issue that requires cooperation from all sectors of society and government to be effectively addressed and resolved. We also need to ensure that those responsible for road accidents are brought to justice in a proper and timely fashion, and that the individuals and their families who have been victimised should be compensated. This is why we are trying to establish a legal precedent using the high profile nature of our case in the High Court. We should not wait until we lose another TarequeMasud or MishukMunier – the time to act is now.”
Present as speakers at the discussion were Vice Chancellor of Dhaka University, Professor Dr A A M S Arefin Siddique; Chairperson of Tareque Masud Memorial Trust, Catherine Masud; BRAC’s Senior Director for Strategy, Communication and Empowerment, Asif Saleh; Road Safety Activist Ilias Kanchan, and Asif Munier, wife of Mishuk Munier Manjuly Kazi, Barrister Sara Hossain.
28 July 2015, Dhaka. At the seminar on ‘Way forward to stop child marriage’, experts demanded that the minimum age for marriage should be kept18 years. The seminar, organised by BRAC on 28 July 2015, was attended by government representatives, local representatives, Nikah registrars (kazis), religious leaders (Imams), and representatives from human rights organisations, non-government organisations and media.
Sheepa Hafiza, director of BRAC’s gender justice and diversity and migration programmes, presented the keynote paper. The major findings of the keynote paper included opinions and recommendations collected from the workshops held in 19 sub-districts of Bangladesh. A total of 1,294 people participated in these sub-district workshops, including representatives from local government, civil society, NGOs, and religious leaders.
State minister for Ministry of Women and Children Affairs (MoWCA), Meher Afroz Chumki said, “There is no scope for confusion on the minimum age for marriage. It remains 18. Our government is a women-friendly government and will not take any step that will affect women’s overall welfare.”
During the open discussion the religious leaders, local government representatives and speakers suggested using voter ID or birth certificate to confirm the age of girls and boys; stop illegal appointments of sub-kazis, and holding regular discussions to raise awareness on this issue during various social and religious gatherings.
Present as a special guest, Dr Rasheda K Chowdhury, executive director of CAMPE said, “We have to strengthen the birth registration offices, so that no one can change the original birth date.” She added, “Girl child drop out from school is one of the major reasons for child marriage. It has been observed that a major drop outs happen when stipends are stopped due to less than 80 per cent attendance for girls. Sanitation is a major factor here influencing girls’ attendance. So the government needs to ensure sanitation at schools as well.”
The seminar was chaired by BRAC’s executive director, Dr Muhammad Musa. In his concluding speech he said, “Along with enforcing the law, we have to create a social movement to prevent child marriage. We need to bring a change in our patriarchy-based social psyche”.
Present as guests were chairperson of Jatiyo Mahila Parishad, Ayesha Khanam, former chairperson of Women and Gender Studies Department of Dhaka University, Professor Nazma Chowdhury, DIG of Police, Mili Biswas, country representative of DFID Sarah Cook, and Farzana Rupa from Channel 71.
BRAC has established an office of the Ombudsperson with a comprehensive mandate to investigate any incident of misadministration and misuse of power within BRAC. This includes grievances such as corruption, abuse of power or discretion, negligence, oppression, nepotism, rudeness, arbitrariness, unfairness and discrimination. BRAC's current ombudsperson is Ms Rokeya Sultana.
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BRAC's internal control system is designed to get reasonable assurance about effectiveness and efficiency of operations, reliability of financial data and compliance of applicable rules, regulations and procedures. Management's integrity, attitude, actions, and ethical values help raise consciousness control among the staff. BRAC management believes that controls are important to achieve the objectives and to communicate its view to staff at all levels. Clear policies and procedures, documentation process, table of authority, segregation of staff duties, supervision and accountability have made the organisation transparent. Considering the internal control a continuous process BRAC periodically reviews and modifies the system in the changing circumstances. At the top of its control mechanism, there exists the willingness of BRAC governing body to ensure internal control and transparency.
BRAC became a full charter member of the INGO Accountability Charter in December 2013. The INGO Accountability Charter was incorporated in 2008. It is registered as a company in the UK and having its secretariat in Berlin, Germany. The objective is to create and develop a charter relating to the accountability of non-governmental organisations. At present there are 26 full charter members. Please visit the link to the Charter website for details: http://www.ingoaccountabilitycharter.org.
The Accountability Reports submitted by BRAC are available in the website of INGO Accountability Charter at this link: http://www.ingoaccountabilitycharter.org/home/charter-members/brac.
Risk Based Internal Audit (RBIA)
Risk based internal auditing (RBIA) as a methodology that links internal auditing to an organisation's overall risk management framework. RBIA allows internal audit to provide assurance to the Finance & Audit Committee that risk management processes are managing risks effectively, in relation to the risk appetite. Under this audit, Internal Audit Department will focus on the risky areas of the internal control systems rather than the total process of a system.
System Audit is one of the latest auditing models which was introduced at BRAC Internal Audit Department in 2016. System Audit is designed to ensure and report to the management about the adequacy and effectiveness of the overall control system already operated and to report for further system enhancement and development.
Information Systems Audit
To pay attention to the need of information security and control as well as information resource and components management, Information Systems Audit has been initiated this year. For this Information Systems Audit Program and Checklists have been developed incorporating Information Systems Audit and Control Association (ISACA) standards and global best practices.
Compliance services helps to identify whether the organisation’s internal and external compliances culture is practiced or not. Following are the compliance services:
Physical verification of inventory, fixed assets and cash
Physical verification of inventory, fixed assets and cash is an important part of the organisation’s internal controls. As a part of periodic requirement, Internal Audit Department conduct an annual physical count of inventories, assets and cash to verify actual quantities, values and amounts.
Internal Audit Department conducts Surprise Audit considering the nature and level of risks as well as assessment of Internal Auditors.
Special Audit/ Investigation
Any special audit and investigation is carried out by Internal Audit Department individually or jointly with the other departments if assigned by Finance and Audit Committee.
Internal audit department of BRAC and BRAC International is headed by the Director, Internal Audit. With professional experience of more than 15 years in internal control system, assurance, accounting, compliance management, risk management, income tax and legal affairs, Director ensures the delivery of responsibilities that IAD of BRAC and BRAC International has been entrusted with.
Currently IAD is empowered with a total of 327 permanent staff of which 263 works under BRAC and 64 works under BRAC International. Most of IAD staff has professional accounting and auditing background. A considerable number of senior officials of IAD are members of professional bodies like ICAB, IIA, ACCA and ISACA.
Total no. of staff
No. of staff with professional accounting and auditing background
Staff with one or more membership of professional bodies from the following:
Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA, USA)
Institute of Chartered Accountants of Bangladesh (ICAB)
Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan (ICAP)
Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA)
Institute of Chartered Secretaries of Bangladesh (ICSB)
Internal Audit Department of BRAC and BRAC International(BI) is committed to assist BRAC and BRAC International by providing an independent appraisal within BRAC and BRAC International to determine the appropriateness, soundness and adequacy of the organisations' accounting, financial and operational controls. These appraisals provide information and recommendations to stakeholders. In addition to the formal and regular audits, we are happy to answer questions and give advice regarding specific policies and procedures and act as consultants on internal controls.
We hope this site will provide you with helpful information regarding the Internal Audit Department and our functions. Please feel free to contact us if you have any questions, suggestions, or comments.
Internal Audit Charter
Internal Audit Charter provides the framework of internal audit procedures in BRAC and BRAC International. This has been approved by the Chairperson of BRAC and by the Finance and Audit Committee of BRAC. The Charter primarily aims to define and establish the following elements for Internal Audit Department (IAD) of BRAC and BRAC International:
To know more about internal audit charter of BRAC and BRAC International, you may download the Internal Audit Charter from the following link:
Core Functions of Internal Audit Department
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Office of Director
Internal Audit Department, BRAC and BRAC International
75, Mohakhali, Dhaka-1212, Bangladesh
Tel: 880-2-9881265, Fax: 880-2-8823542
BRAC has a separate Procurement Department that manages the requisitioning of purchases for the programmes. In all aspects, it follows BRAC Procurement Guidelines and Implementation Procedures, which are transparent and were developed in line with international procurement standards.
Sample of filled-up ideal procurement requirement form:
Sample of Single Source Justification Note
BRAC's partnership strengthening unit (PSU) strives to strengthen relationships and coordination amongst the programmes and stakeholders, such as government agencies, NGOs, media and public representatives. Under PSU, district BRAC representatives (DBRs) provide information under the Right to Information (RTI) Act 2009, and prepare the annual district development report. The DBRs also act as incident commanders, in line with the standard operation procedure (SOP) of BRAC's disaster, environment and climate change (DECC) programme. PSU is effectively facilitating the district and sub-district administration as well as the NGO Bureau to work more resourcefully for BRAC's clients across Bangladesh. The unit also plays a leading role in coordinating major events across BRAC.
The administration unit has been assigned to deal with the preparation, submission and obtaining approval for operationalising foreign donated projects from the director general of NGO Affairs Bureau. In addition, the unit undertakes production registration for BRAC's enterprises and processes work permits for BRAC expatriate employees.
Monitoring unit is a part of BRAC's internal control mechanism. The monitoring unit first started under the oral therapy extension programme in 1980. It started working as a cell within the rural development programme in 1988. Due to it's growing demand, it became an independent unit in the late 1990s.The monitoring unit provides support to BRAC's development programmes, supporting departments and enterprises. The unit's objective is to conduct periodic analysis, enabling the management to determine whether the key activities are being carried out as planned and whether they are having the expected impact on the target population.