The haor basin in north-eastern Bangladesh is one of the poorest regions of the country. It suffers from extensive annual flooding and devastating flash-floods, which limit livelihood opportunities for the poor, including agricultural production and enterprise growth. Haor dwellers are extremely vulnerable and their suffering is heightened by a lack of proper communication and transportation systems, hindering economic growth, access to markets (ie off-farm employment opportunities), and existing social services (ie health and education). The goal of the project is to “improve the socioeconomic condition and livelihoods of 1 million poor and ultra-poor in the Haor Basin by 2020”
Specific IDP Haor objectives:
- To improve the condition, participation and influence of women in household and community decision making
- To ensure quality primary education for all children in the IDP operational area.
- To enhance access to quality essential health, reproductive care and improved water and sanitation practices for haor dwellers
- To promote diversified and sustainable livelihoods—agricultural farming and micro-enterprises for the poor and ultra-poor
- Advocacy for strengthening the haor development efforts by all relevant actors including GOB, through knowledge management and dissemination.
1. Community mobilization and empowerment
- Community empowerment
- Promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment
- Human rights and legal services
2. Access to quality education for all
- Pre-primary School
- Primary School
- Adolescent development
- Post Primary and Basic Continuing Education (PACE)
3. Access to Healthcare and population services, improved water and sanitation facilities
- Essential healthcare services
- Maternal health Establish and continuing BRAC Health Centre
- TB control
- Water, Sanitation and Hygiene promotion
4. Livelihood Security and Entrepreneurship Development
- Agricultural livelihoods—improved agriculture, poultry, livestock and fisheries
- Microfinance / Financial inclusion
- Targeting the Ultra-Poor (TUP)
- Access to natural resources and Government safety net and others Services
5. Advocacy, Capacity Building and Knowledge Management
- Action research
- Lessons documentation and dissemination
- Networking and advocacy
VDOs (Village Development Organizations) will remain as IDP’s core implementation vehicle since the VDOS are viewed by the participants as their solidarity platform and also a one stop service center for all. Each of the VDOs are formed with 25-40 participants living in cluster. One women from each of the households represents their family and participates directly in the project activities.
One Programme Organizer supervises 10 VDOs thus covers about 300-350 Households. Based on the needs of the VDO participants as well as criteria set aside for eligibility for receiving various supports. PO facilitates the whole process of service delivery, training, asset or input transfer, micro-finance support, health support etc. To further strengthen the development efforts of the project as well as to support the VDOs and the VDO members, a Development Support Group (DSG) is formed taking representation from all level of peoples—Local leaders, School Teachers, Opinion leaders, health workers, religious leaders and representative of the VDOs are united together to further push and assist the development of ultra-poor, ensuring project promoted WASH activities, addressing gender related issues like eliminating violence against women and children, women’s participation in development, helping the most poor to receive social protection benefits etc.
While POs are working at the community level, the Area Development Coordinator(ADC), being based at the Union level Area Development Offices, supervises around 15 POs in the area and coordinates all the activities under his disposal. To assist the ADCs, as well as to provide technical support to POs in the field, there are Micro-finance support POs in each of the areas offices. At the apex level of each Upazila under project operation, there is an UDCs (Upazila Development Coordinator) who coordinates the entire activities of the upazila and directly supervises the ADCs, Sector Specialist and a number of trainers based at Upazila. The Sector Specialists are technical experts of their respective discipline and provides technical capacity building supports to POs through formal and on the job training maintaining a matrix-management system with the ADCs. A central team, based at BRAC Head Office, are responsible for providing technical and management support to field team, comprised technical experts, communication specialist, training coordinator, M&E and action research managers. The team is led by the Programme Head who is being supervised by the Programme Director of BRAC. Regular coordination meeting with different tier of staff, field visit, participation in training and sharing events, monthly MIS, Periodic M&E and Action research findings are key tools for IDP project management