Afghanistan

Afghanistan (4)

Friday, 15 January 2016 18:00

Health

BRAC’s health programme aims to revitalise Afghanistan’s health system. It provides healthcare services in rural and hard-to-reach areas in partnership with the Ministry of Public Health. Core services include essential healthcare, prevention and treatment of malaria and tuberculosis (TB), and ante and post-natal care. BRAC aims to improve access to healthcare and the overall health status of the poor, particularly women and children. 

BRAC’s approach to healthcare combines preventive, promotive and curative healthcare services, following existing government guidelines on basic health service packages ( basic package of health services, BPHS) and essential hospital service packages ( the essential package of hospital services, EPHS).

BRAC was the first development organisation in the country to widely use female community health promoters for whom literacy was not mandatory. Delivering basic healthcare services at their neighbours’ door-steps, frontline community health promoters help to raise demand from communities for improved healthcare services from the local government.  Its frontline community health promoters are oriented on detecting and treating common diseases, providing maternal and child healthcare services, and referring critical cases to nearby government facilities. 

Up to June, 2015, overall 110,606 women received reproductive and maternal health services. 212 mothers underwent caesarean section and 3,068 surgeries were conducted in BRAC’s hospitals. A total of 91,383 children aged less than one were vaccinated with penta-3, and 95,663 pregnant women received a second dose of Tetanus Toxoid (TT) vaccine.

In the second phase of The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM), treatment success rate was 91 per cent in new smear positive TB cases, and 28.25 per cent in new SS TB (sputum-smear positive tuberculosis) patients who were treated and managed by the CHPs. So far, 47 master trainers and 3,363 healthcare providers and community health workers received training on malaria.

Currently BRAC is a sub-recipient of the Global Fund’s national tuberculosis programme in Afghanistan, that is valid from April, 2015 up to November, 2015. BRAC works with the country’s National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP) to develop the capacity of Afghani nationals.

National Solidarity Programme

The National Solidarity Program (NSP) is a national priority programme of the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan that has been executed by the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD). This is the single largest community development initiative of MRRD in Afghanistan and known to be the second-largest in the world, where USD 2.7 billion has been approved as budget from 2003 to September 2016.  The development objective of this programme is to build, strengthen, and maintain Community Development Councils (CDCs) as effective institutions for local governance and socio-economic development. 

BRAC Afghanistan has been working with MRRD as Facilitating Partner (FP) for NSP since 2003, mobilising and partnering with communities to construct community infrastructure projects including community centres, water supply schemes, latrines, irrigation channels, micro-hydroelectric plants, protection walls, roads, bridges and schools. Through NSP, BRAC Afghanistan is working to strengthen the concepts of community mobilisation, natural resource management, and enterprise development in the communities.

BRAC also helps CDCs link with other potential funding sources for community development projects that are not funded by a NSP block grant. BRAC contributes to the NSP process in four ways:
•    Facilitates and supervises the democratic election of CDCs
•    Helps identify and prioritise potential infrastructure projects needed by the CDCs
•    Assists with project design, NSP applications, and project reports
•    Oversees the financial transactions of the CDCs to ensure transparency and accuracy

Through participation in the NSP along with others, communities strengthen skills and attitudes necessary to define, manage and govern their own development. As of January 2015, BRAC has successfully mobilised and provided technical assistance to more than 250,000 families in 806 CDCs in 4 provinces of Afghanistan under NSP III, and have also successfully initiated and conducted various kinds of capacity development activities to 141,050 community members.


In addition to NSPs on-going operations, the construction department has been established in 2014 with an aim to assist and facilitate all sorts of construction within the organisation. At present, the construction department is providing technical assistance to the education programme of BRAC Afghanistan in completing the construction of 28 school buildings in 9 provinces of Afghanistan.

Project

Duration

Donor/Partner

Goal

 

Repeater Block Grant (RBG) 1 in National Solidarity Programme

 

 

January 2011 to December 2014

MRRD

The objective of the NSP is to build, strengthen, and maintain Community Development Councils (CDCs) as effective institutions for local governance and socio-economic development. This project is mainly for communities where the full first block grant was utilised for subprojects as approved by the NSP.

This project has been completed and successfully handed over to MRRD on December 2014. 

Repeater Block Grant (RBG) 2 in National Solidarity Programme

 

 

 

January 2013 to September 2016

MRRD

The objective of the NSP is to build, strengthen, and maintain Community Development Councils (CDCs) as effective institutions for local governance and socio-economic development.

This project is mainly for communities where the full first block grant was utilised for subprojects as approved by the NSP (irrespective of whether the final status of the subproject was failed or completed).

New Rollout in National Solidarity Programme

 

 

September 2012 to September 2016

MRRD

The objective of the NSP is to build, strengthen, and maintain Community Development Councils (CDCs) as effective institutions for local governance and social-economic development.

This project is for communities where NSP has never worked before and these communities will receive their first block grant for implementation of sub-projects.

 

 

Friday, 15 January 2016 18:00

Education

BRAC began the education programme in Afghanistan in 2002, aiming to remove barriers that prevent children particularly girls from receiving education. BRAC education programme in Afghanistan is the second largest after Bangladesh implementing community based education to 14,568 schools. 

The community-based schools have two models including community based feeder schools (CBFS) that prepare children between the ages of seven and nine for entry into formal schools starting at grade three or four; the other model is the two to three year community based accelerated learning schools (CBALS) that follow the government curriculum for grades one through five for girls between the ages of 10 to 19 years who have dropped out of, or never attended primary school. 

Community ownership is one of the key successes of BRAC in changing attitudes towards girls’ education in Afghanistan. BRAC communicates the opportunities and benefits of having schools in the villages, strengthening rural communities for operating their own schools, and making local governments more responsive to educational challenges. 

Currently the Education programme operates two projects: a four year long Community Based Girls' Education Project (CBGEP) Phase II, which started in January 2013 and is funded by DFATD Canada. It provides learning opportunity to 120,000 children through 4,000 community based schools. The second is the DFID supported Girls’ Education Challenge (GEC) project started in April 2013, providing learning opportunity to 50,000 girls through 1,670 community-based girls schools (CBGS) up to class 4 and 5. Both these projects mainstream the students into the nearby government/hub schools. 

In GEP Phase I (2007-2012), BRAC opened 4,021 Community Based Schools (CBS) and enrolled 125,108 students. In addition 115,374 students have graduated and 102,091 students are currently studying in the government schools. Besides, 4,300 females are employed as CBS teachers and 5,601 government school teachers received subject based training.

As of August 2015, more than 37,661 children (78 per cent of whom are girls) graduated from 1227 BRAC schools. Currently, there are over 37,110 students in 1,227 BRAC schools under two education projects funded by the Canadian government and DFID. 
 
As part of the continued efforts to improve the quality of education in mainstream secondary schools, BRAC provided subject-based training to 4,499 teachers, trained 200 local resource persons and 3463 mentors to initiate the mentoring programme. It also provides stipends to 2999 students for reentering in CBS schools.

BRAC operates Adolescent Reading Centres (ARCs) creating scope for adolescents to socialise with their peers and learn life and livelihood skills as part of the empowerment process. The livelihood skills training provided to the ARC members create an opportunity to generate their own income using skills in the areas of tailoring, embroidery, homestead gardening, and food processing.

 

Current projects

Duration

Donors

Ultimate Outcome

Community based Girls Education project in Afghanistan

(CBGEP) A -Phase II

Phase II- January 2013 to December 2016

DFATD Canada)

Improved equitable access to quality education for girls and boys in 12 provinces of Afghanistan.

Girls Education Challenge (GEC)

April 2013 to March 2017

 

DFID

Improved life chances of marginalised girls in Afghanistan through 1670 community based schools and improved quality of 2,000 government school teachers and 4,022 peer mentors.

Friday, 15 January 2016 18:00

Capacity Development

To address Afghanistan’s capacity development needs, BRAC set up equipped non-residential training and resource centre in Kabul in May 2003. The training serves to augment the capacity and professionalism of its employees as well as employees from government and private organisations. The objective of the centre is to enhance the knowledge, skills and attitudes of the practitioners engaged in Afghanistan’s development process in areas such as, health, education, gender, management and finance and accounts.

The capacity development approach of the centre includes a series of activities, such as marketing its training packages, designing the courses, providing training and non-training sessions and following up with the participants. The training programmes are designed to be participatory, results-oriented and flexible, maintaining a balance between theory and practice. BRAC also provides consultancy services to Afghan NGOs in the areas of management and financial infrastructure development.

The capacity development programme has been providing support to enhance the capacity of staff members of BRAC, different ministries, international and local NGOs, UN organisations, and partner or donor agencies. Since its inception It has developed and offered more than 157 training courses and trained approximately 48,729 participants.
Presently a team of 18 highly experienced fulltime faculty members, are working and supporting the capacity development initiatives. Moreover approximately 30 part-time listed professionals in different disciplines and 450 part-time (potential) government school teachers whom BRAC helped develop as master trainers (MT) are providing training services to government school teachers.

 

Friday, 15 January 2016 18:00

National Solidarity Programme

The National Solidarity Program (NSP) is a national priority programme of the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan that has been executed by the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD). This is the single largest community development initiative of MRRD in Afghanistan and known to be the second-largest in the world, where USD 2.7 billion has been approved as budget from 2003 to September 2016.  The development objective of this programme is to build, strengthen, and maintain Community Development Councils (CDCs) as effective institutions for local governance and socio-economic development. 

BRAC Afghanistan has been working with MRRD as Facilitating Partner (FP) for NSP since 2003, mobilising and partnering with communities to construct community infrastructure projects including community centres, water supply schemes, latrines, irrigation channels, micro-hydroelectric plants, protection walls, roads, bridges and schools. Through NSP, BRAC Afghanistan is working to strengthen the concepts of community mobilisation, natural resource management, and enterprise development in the communities.

BRAC also helps CDCs link with other potential funding sources for community development projects that are not funded by a NSP block grant. BRAC contributes to the NSP process in four ways:
•    Facilitates and supervises the democratic election of CDCs
•    Helps identify and prioritise potential infrastructure projects needed by the CDCs
•    Assists with project design, NSP applications, and project reports
•    Oversees the financial transactions of the CDCs to ensure transparency and accuracy

Through participation in the NSP along with others, communities strengthen skills and attitudes necessary to define, manage and govern their own development. As of January 2015, BRAC has successfully mobilised and provided technical assistance to more than 250,000 families in 806 CDCs in 4 provinces of Afghanistan under NSP III, and have also successfully initiated and conducted various kinds of capacity development activities to 141,050 community members.

In addition to NSPs on-going operations, the construction department has been established in 2014 with an aim to assist and facilitate all sorts of construction within the organisation. At present, the construction department is providing technical assistance to the education programme of BRAC Afghanistan in completing the construction of 28 school buildings in 9 provinces of Afghanistan.

Project

Duration

Donor/Partner

Goal

Repeater Block Grant (RBG) 1 in National Solidarity Programme

January 2011 to December 2014

MRRD

The objective of the NSP is to build, strengthen, and maintain Community Development Councils (CDCs) as effective institutions for local governance and socio-economic development. This project is mainly for communities where the full first block grant was utilised for subprojects as approved by the NSP.

This project has been completed and successfully handed over to MRRD on December 2014. 

Repeater Block Grant (RBG) 2 in National Solidarity Programme

January 2013 to September 2016

MRRD

The objective of the NSP is to build, strengthen, and maintain Community Development Councils (CDCs) as effective institutions for local governance and socio-economic development.

This project is mainly for communities where the full first block grant was utilised for subprojects as approved by the NSP (irrespective of whether the final status of the subproject was failed or completed).

New Rollout in National Solidarity Programme

September 2012 to September 2016

MRRD

The objective of the NSP is to build, strengthen, and maintain Community Development Councils (CDCs) as effective institutions for local governance and social-economic development.

This project is for communities where NSP has never worked before and these communities will receive their first block grant for implementation of sub-projects.